【已解决】cygwin中mintty中ls彩色显示文件夹和文件

【背景】

cygwin,目前用的是mintty。

但是当ls显示出来的文件,不是彩色的:

cygwin mintty ls not colorful

希望变成,比如这里显示的彩色的这种:

ls is colorful files

【解决过程】

1.参考:

mintty-colors-solarized

->

https://github.com/altercation/solarized#screenshots

(有空可以去试试其中的putty等的该颜色配置)

发现是蛮有趣的,但是暂时不需要。

 

2.参考:

惊艳的cygwin——Windows下的Linux命令行环境的配置和使用

才想起来,貌似输出彩色,是ls输出的,而不是mintty控制的。

所以对于那个ls的–color=tty,去看看,ls本身支持哪些参数:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/expat/expat-2.1.0
$ ls --help
Usage: ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...
List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default).
Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
  -a, --all                  do not ignore entries starting with .
  -A, --almost-all           do not list implied . and ..
      --author               with -l, print the author of each file
  -b, --escape               print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters
      --block-size=SIZE      scale sizes by SIZE before printing them.  E.g.,
                               `--block-size=M' prints sizes in units of
                               1,048,576 bytes.  See SIZE format below.
  -B, --ignore-backups       do not list implied entries ending with ~
  -c                         with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last
                               modification of file status information)
                               with -l: show ctime and sort by name
                               otherwise: sort by ctime, newest first
  -C                         list entries by columns
      --color[=WHEN]         colorize the output.  WHEN defaults to `always'
                               or can be `never' or `auto'.  More info below
  -d, --directory            list directory entries instead of contents,
                               and do not dereference symbolic links
  -D, --dired                generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode
  -f                         do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color
  -F, --classify             append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries
      --file-type            likewise, except do not append `*'
      --format=WORD          across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l,
                               single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C
      --full-time            like -l --time-style=full-iso
  -g                         like -l, but do not list owner
      --group-directories-first
                             group directories before files.
                               augment with a --sort option, but any
                               use of --sort=none (-U) disables grouping
  -G, --no-group             in a long listing, don't print group names
  -h, --human-readable       with -l, print sizes in human readable format
                               (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
      --si                   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024
  -H, --dereference-command-line
                             follow symbolic links listed on the command line
      --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
                             follow each command line symbolic link
                             that points to a directory
      --hide=PATTERN         do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
                               (overridden by -a or -A)
      --indicator-style=WORD  append indicator with style WORD to entry names:
                               none (default), slash (-p),
                               file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)
  -i, --inode                print the index number of each file
  -I, --ignore=PATTERN       do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
  -k, --kibibytes            use 1024-byte blocks
  -l                         use a long listing format
  -L, --dereference          when showing file information for a symbolic
                               link, show information for the file the link
                               references rather than for the link itself
  -m                         fill width with a comma separated list of entries
  -n, --numeric-uid-gid      like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs
  -N, --literal              print raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control
                               characters specially)
  -o                         like -l, but do not list group information
  -p, --indicator-style=slash
                             append / indicator to directories
  -q, --hide-control-chars   print ? instead of non graphic characters
      --show-control-chars   show non graphic characters as-is (default
                             unless program is `ls' and output is a terminal)
  -Q, --quote-name           enclose entry names in double quotes
      --quoting-style=WORD   use quoting style WORD for entry names:
                               literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c, escape
  -r, --reverse              reverse order while sorting
  -R, --recursive            list subdirectories recursively
  -s, --size                 print the allocated size of each file, in blocks
  -S                         sort by file size
      --sort=WORD            sort by WORD instead of name: none -U,
                             extension -X, size -S, time -t, version -v
      --time=WORD            with -l, show time as WORD instead of modification
                             time: atime -u, access -u, use -u, ctime -c,
                             or status -c; use specified time as sort key
                             if --sort=time
      --time-style=STYLE     with -l, show times using style STYLE:
                             full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, +FORMAT.
                             FORMAT is interpreted like `date'; if FORMAT is
                             FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to
                             non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files;
                             if STYLE is prefixed with `posix-', STYLE
                             takes effect only outside the POSIX locale
  -t                         sort by modification time, newest first
  -T, --tabsize=COLS         assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8
  -u                         with -lt: sort by, and show, access time
                               with -l: show access time and sort by name
                               otherwise: sort by access time
  -U                         do not sort; list entries in directory order
  -v                         natural sort of (version) numbers within text
  -w, --width=COLS           assume screen width instead of current value
  -x                         list entries by lines instead of by columns
  -X                         sort alphabetically by entry extension
  -Z, --context              print any SELinux security context of each file
  -1                         list one file per line
      --append-exe           append .exe if cygwin magic was needed
      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit

SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024).  Units
are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).

Using color to distinguish file types is disabled both by default and
with --color=never.  With --color=auto, ls emits color codes only when
standard output is connected to a terminal.  The LS_COLORS environment
variable can change the settings.  Use the dircolors command to set it.

Exit status:
 0  if OK,
 1  if minor problems (e.g., cannot access subdirectory),
 2  if serious trouble (e.g., cannot access command-line argument).

Report ls bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
For complete documentation, run: info coreutils 'ls invocation'

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/expat/expat-2.1.0
$

可见,-C==–color,可以指定颜色。

2.但是试了试直接用-C,没效果:

ls C no effect

3.所以再去试试其-C=tty,结果也不支持:

no support c tty

4.再试试–color=tty,结果是可以的:

color tty can show colorfule file

5.所以,去修改自己的.bashrc,但是默认加上此–color=tty参数,还是不加上-h了,-h的话,等需要的话,自己手动输入。

然后才发现,原来对于.bashrc,默认已经帮我们写好了这些配置了:

# Default to human readable figures
# alias df='df -h'
# alias du='du -h'
#
# Misc 🙂
# alias less='less -r'                          # raw control characters
# alias whence='type -a'                        # where, of a sort
# alias grep='grep --color'                     # show differences in colour
# alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
# alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
#
# Some shortcuts for different directory listings
# alias ls='ls -hF --color=tty'                 # classify files in colour
# alias dir='ls --color=auto --format=vertical'
# alias vdir='ls --color=auto --format=long'
# alias ll='ls -l'                              # long list
# alias la='ls -A'                              # all but . and ..
# alias l='ls -CF'                              #

而我们要做的只是:

去掉#,启动即可:

# Default to human readable figures
alias df='df -h'
alias du='du -h'
#
# Misc 🙂
alias less='less -r'                          # raw control characters
alias whence='type -a'                        # where, of a sort
alias grep='grep --color'                     # show differences in colour
alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
#
# Some shortcuts for different directory listings
alias ls='ls -hF --color=tty'                 # classify files in colour
alias dir='ls --color=auto --format=vertical'
alias vdir='ls --color=auto --format=long'
alias ll='ls -l'                              # long list
alias la='ls -A'                              # all but . and ..
alias l='ls -CF'                              #

然后保存一下,再重启cygwin(或者直接用:

source ~/.bashrc

让当前的.bashrc生效。

6.再试试上面的命令的各种效果:

source df du less ls

ls dir vdir

ll la l

效果还是蛮不错的。

 

【总结】

在cygwin下,想要让mintty中的ls输出是彩色显示各种文件和文件夹的话,则:

实际上,关于色彩控制,是ls本身内置支持的,而不是mintty控制的。

所以,则可以通过:

ls –color=tty

使得可以在mintty中彩色显示输出。

由此,可以将相应的命令,做成别名alias,放到启动配置文件.bashrc中,而结果发现,实际上,至少是cygwin中,都帮我们默认配置好了这些内容了,然后只需要我们取消注释,启用这些alias即可:

# Default to human readable figures
alias df='df -h'
alias du='du -h'
#
# Misc 🙂
alias less='less -r'                          # raw control characters
alias whence='type -a'                        # where, of a sort
alias grep='grep --color'                     # show differences in colour
alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'              # show differences in colour
#
# Some shortcuts for different directory listings
alias ls='ls -hF --color=tty'                 # classify files in colour
alias dir='ls --color=auto --format=vertical'
alias vdir='ls --color=auto --format=long'
alias ll='ls -l'                              # long list
alias la='ls -A'                              # all but . and ..
alias l='ls -CF'                              #

所以说:

实际上,cygwin中,已经做得不错了,关键在于我们自己会不会用。



One Thought on “【已解决】cygwin中mintty中ls彩色显示文件夹和文件

  1. 博主你好,你的mintty为什么调过之后颜色那么鲜艳?我死活调不出一样的绿色啊,你知道的,就是那种putty远程登陆到服务器的那个鲜艳色彩。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

无觅相关文章插件,快速提升流量