【记录】docbook中尝试使用CSSToXSLFO将css转换为fo(pdf)的xsl配置参数

【背景】

折腾:

【记录】把docbook中的html的css的配置效果应用到fo即PDF等输出文件类型中

期间,需要试试,去用:

CSSToXSLFO

去看看能否实现:

将css,转换为对应的fo的xsl配置。

【折腾过程】

1.去sourceforge主页看看:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/css2xslfo/

找到最新版:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/css2xslfo/files/css2xslfo/1.6.2/

先去下载那个:

css2xslfo1_6_2.jar

另外也下载:

css2fopnew1_6_2.jar

供后续我此处是FOP 1.0去使用。

2.参考:

The CSSToXSLFO User Guide

去尝试用用看看。

结果不会:

Starting /bin/bash.exe

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar /home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
D:\home\CLi\develop\docbook\books\docbook_dev_note\src\docbook_dev_note.xml (The system cannot find the path specified)

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\cgwin\home\CLi\develop\docbook\books\docbook_dev_note\src\docbook_dev_note.xml
D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\cgwin\home\CLi\develop\docbook\config\css\css_to_fo\tmptmp_dev_rootcgwinhomeCLidevelopdocbookbooksdocbook_dev_notesrcdocbook_dev_note.xml (The system cannot find the file specified)

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
file:/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/css/docbook_crl.css can't be opened.

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -h
Usage: be.re.css.CSSToXSLFO
  [-h]: show this help
  [-baseurl url]: base URL
  [-c url_or_filename]: catalog for entity resolution
  [-config url_or_filename]: extra configuration
  [-debug]: debug mode
  [-fo filename]: output file, uses stdout by default
  [-p url_or_filename_comma_list]: preprocessors
  [-uacss url_or_filename]: User Agent style sheet
  [-v]: turn on validation
  [url_or_filename]: the input document, use stdin by default
  [parameter=value ...]

User Agent parameters:
  column-count (default: 1)
  country (default: GB)
  font-size (default: 10pt for a5 and b5, otherwise 11pt)
  html-header-mark: an HTML element (default: none)
  language (default: en)
  odd-even-shift (default: 10mm)
  orientation (default: portrait; other: landscape)
  paper-margin-bottom (default: 0mm)
  paper-margin-left (default: 25mm)
  paper-margin-right (default: 25mm)
  paper-margin-top (default: 10mm)
  paper-mode (default: onesided; other: twosided)
  paper-size (default: a4; others: a0, a1, a2, a3, a5, b5, executive, letter and legal)
  rule-thickness (default: 0.2pt)
  writing-mode (default: lr-tb)

3.参考:

Convert HTML to PDF

去试试:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
unknown protocol: d

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml -pdf docbook_dev_note.pdf
Usage: be.re.css.CSSToXSLFO
  [-h]: show this help
  [-baseurl url]: base URL
  [-c url_or_filename]: catalog for entity resolution
  [-config url_or_filename]: extra configuration
  [-debug]: debug mode
  [-fo filename]: output file, uses stdout by default
  [-p url_or_filename_comma_list]: preprocessors
  [-uacss url_or_filename]: User Agent style sheet
  [-v]: turn on validation
  [url_or_filename]: the input document, use stdin by default
  [parameter=value ...]

User Agent parameters:
  column-count (default: 1)
  country (default: GB)
  font-size (default: 10pt for a5 and b5, otherwise 11pt)
  html-header-mark: an HTML element (default: none)
  language (default: en)
  odd-even-shift (default: 10mm)
  orientation (default: portrait; other: landscape)
  paper-margin-bottom (default: 0mm)
  paper-margin-left (default: 25mm)
  paper-margin-right (default: 25mm)
  paper-margin-top (default: 10mm)
  paper-mode (default: onesided; other: twosided)
  paper-size (default: a4; others: a0, a1, a2, a3, a5, b5, executive, letter and legal)
  rule-thickness (default: 0.2pt)
  writing-mode (default: lr-tb)

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2fopnew1_6_2.jar D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml -pdf docbook_dev_note.pdf
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/fop/apps/FOUserAgent
        at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
        at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2442)
        at java.lang.Class.getMethod0(Class.java:2685)
        at java.lang.Class.getMethod(Class.java:1620)
        at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.getMainMethod(LauncherHelper.java:494)
        at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.checkAndLoadMain(LauncherHelper.java:486)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.fop.apps.FOUserAgent
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:366)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:355)
        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:354)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:423)
        at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:308)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:356)
        ... 6 more
Exception in thread "main"
CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ echo $FOP_HOME
/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2fopnew1_6_2.jar;D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml -pdf docbook_dev_note.pdf
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/fop/apps/FOUserAgent
        at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
        at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2442)
        at java.lang.Class.getMethod0(Class.java:2685)
        at java.lang.Class.getMethod(Class.java:1620)
        at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.getMainMethod(LauncherHelper.java:494)
        at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.checkAndLoadMain(LauncherHelper.java:486)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.fop.apps.FOUserAgent
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:366)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:355)
        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:354)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:423)
        at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:308)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:356)
        ... 6 more
Exception in thread "main" D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 1: $'PK\003\004': command not found
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 2: META-INF/▒▒PK: No such file or directory
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 104: $'\254M\272\263n\312o\372\235=\320VCl\243\207v\243\315I@\307\375\037:\036\202+x\235\264M\355\241\351i\250.\256d\321q1\320\373\272\226\263\240\n\344Z\356\320\366\273\367\005PK\003\004': command not found
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 3: syntax error near unexpected token `$'\204\245?''
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 3: `w▒▒▒▒(▒▒?(t5R▒
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D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 3: $'s#\350\234L\a\252\310,\365\3041G\021\303z\343': command not found
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 4: syntax error near unexpected token `)'
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 4: `▒8▒g▒)▒▒▒▒▒▒e*▒▒w▒[▒ a)▒▒ύO▒▒,▒V▒▒9▒6▒▒u~c#PK'
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 3: syntax error near unexpected token `$'\204\245?''
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 3: `w▒▒▒▒(▒▒?(t5R▒
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D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 3: $'s#\350\234L\a\252\310,\365\3041G\021\303z\343': command not found
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 4: syntax error near unexpected token `)'
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: command substitution: line 4: `▒8▒g▒)▒▒▒▒▒▒e*▒▒w▒[▒ a)▒▒ύO▒▒,▒V▒▒9▒6▒▒u~c#PK'
D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/build/fop.jar: line 3:
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CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$

还是不行。

没有搞懂如何使用的。

4.后来折腾,用:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml

是可以生成:

docbook_dev_note.fo

但是是0KB。。

加上-debug的那个命令,可以生成中间一堆的文件,但是都没用。

5.这会稍微有点懂了:

css2xslfo.jar:是将xsl转换fo的;

而如果用其他几个,比如fop的:

css2fopnew.jar:则就是,在xsl转fo的基础上,再用fop将fo转换为pdf,所以才有css2fopnew.jar有对应的-pdf指定输出pdf文件的参数的。

而对应的css2xslfo.jar,只有-fo,指定输出的fo的文件名。

然后对应的,共有的参数-p,用于指定此处用到的xsl文件。

与此相对应的:

我之前,是用xsltproc,输入xml,转换输出为fo文件,其中也有输入xsl文件的配置选项;

在用fop将fo文件,转换为pdf文件的。

6.而如果的确去用xsl的话,此处会出现各种问题:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  '\home\develop\docbook\tools_root\docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1\fo\docbook.xsl (The system cannot find the path specified)'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
Compiler warnings:
  file:///d:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/table.xsl: line 459: Attribute 'border-start-style' outside of element.
  file:///d:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/table.xsl: line 460: Attribute 'border-end-style' outside of element.
  file:///d:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/table.xsl: line 461: Attribute 'border-top-style' outside of element.
  file:///d:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/table.xsl: line 462: Attribute 'border-bottom-style' outside of element.
  file:///d:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/index.xsl: line 352: Attribute 'rx:key' outside of element.
ERROR:  'The first argument to the non-static Java function 'insertCallouts' is not a valid object reference.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl: line 48: Template 'border' not defined in this stylesheet.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl: line 48: Template 'border' not defined in this stylesheet.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl: line 21: Template 'object.id' not defined in this stylesheet.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl: line 24: Variable or parameter 'body.fontset' is undefined.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl: line 25: Variable or parameter 'title.fontset' is undefined.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl: line 24: Template 'simple.xlink' not defined in this stylesheet.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/config/css/css_to_fo
$ java -jar css2xslfo1_6_2.jar -debug -p D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl -fo docbook_dev_note.fo D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/docbook_dev_note/src/docbook_dev_note.xml
ERROR:  'file:/D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/config/docbook-xsl-ns-1.78.1/fo/docbook_crl_for_css2fo.xsl: line 32: Template 'anchor' not defined in this stylesheet.'
FATAL ERROR:  'Could not compile stylesheet'
Could not compile stylesheet

看来是,此处的jar包,不支持docbook中的各种的xsl配置,

至少是不兼容,所以没法用。

所以,此处只能放弃使用这个:

CSSToXSLFO

了。

 

【总结】

目前,还是不会用CSSToXSLFO

不知道如何将css转换为fo即pdf的配置参数。



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