【整理】Android中EditText中的InputType类型含义与如何定义

【背景】

经过一些Android中EditText方面的折腾:

【已解决】android中的EditText控件没有获得焦点但是输入法却弹出显示->Activity中不要默认就显示输入法

【暂未去解决】Android中EditText如何在失去焦点后让输入法消失

【已解决】Android中EditText点击获得焦点后无法显示输入法键盘

【已解决】Android中代码出现警告提示:android:phoneNumber is deprecated: Use inputType instead

然后对于EditText(或TextView)中的InputType的值的含义和类型,以及如何定义,有了个更清晰点的认识。

现在整理如下:

 

EditText的InputType属性,可以在代码中设置,也可以预先在xml中定义

设置EditText的InputType属性,最简单省事的办法就是在定义EditText的xml中直接设置。

比如:

想要设置一个可编辑的文本框的输入内容为只能输入数字,则就可以:

(1)xml中定义InputType为number

<EditText  
    android:id="@+id/variableValue"
    ......
    android:inputType="number" />

(2)代码中设置InputType为TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | TYPE_NUMBER_VARIATION_NORMAL

EditText variableValueView = (EditText) variableLayout.findViewById(R.id.variableValue);
int inputType = InputType.TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | InputType.TYPE_NUMBER_VARIATION_NORMAL;
variableValueView.setInputType(inputType);

 

这样的话,之后界面中生成的EditText,当点击后要输入内容的时候,弹出的输入法,自动变成那种只能输入数字的小键盘类型的了:

EditText set to number show keyboard only show number

 

另外,附上,正常的普通字符串,即:

xml中:

android:inputType="text"

或代码中:

someEditText.setInputType(InputType.TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | InputType.TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_NORMAL);

时,显示出来的输入法键盘的效果:

edittext inputtype is text how keyboard look like

 

EditText的InputType属性对应的xml定义有哪些,以及代码中设置的InputType类型有哪些

知道了设置EditText的InputType属性值,既可以通过xml中定义,也可以在代码中设置为InputType的某种值,但是到底这些值有哪些,以及分别对应的含义是啥,则可以参考官网:

TextView | Android Developers – android:inputType

中的完整的列表:

Constant

Value

Description

none

0x00000000

There is no content type. The text is not editable.

text

0x00000001

Just plain old text. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_NORMAL.

textCapCharacters

0x00001001

Can be combined with text and its variations to request capitalization of all characters. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_CAP_CHARACTERS.

textCapWords

0x00002001

Can be combined with text and its variations to request capitalization of the first character of every word. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_CAP_WORDS.

textCapSentences

0x00004001

Can be combined with text and its variations to request capitalization of the first character of every sentence. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_CAP_SENTENCES.

textAutoCorrect

0x00008001

Can be combined with text and its variations to request auto-correction of text being input. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_AUTO_CORRECT.

textAutoComplete

0x00010001

Can be combined with text and its variations to specify that this field will be doing its own auto-completion and talking with the input method appropriately. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_AUTO_COMPLETE.

textMultiLine

0x00020001

Can be combined with text and its variations to allow multiple lines of text in the field. If this flag is not set, the text field will be constrained to a single line. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_MULTI_LINE.

textImeMultiLine

0x00040001

Can be combined with text and its variations to indicate that though the regular text view should not be multiple lines, the IME should provide multiple lines if it can. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_IME_MULTI_LINE.

textNoSuggestions

0x00080001

Can be combined with text and its variations to indicate that the IME should not show any dictionary-based word suggestions. Corresponds to TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_NO_SUGGESTIONS.

textUri

0x00000011

Text that will be used as a URI. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_URI.

textEmailAddress

0x00000021

Text that will be used as an e-mail address. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_EMAIL_ADDRESS.

textEmailSubject

0x00000031

Text that is being supplied as the subject of an e-mail. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_EMAIL_SUBJECT.

textShortMessage

0x00000041

Text that is the content of a short message. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_SHORT_MESSAGE.

textLongMessage

0x00000051

Text that is the content of a long message. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_LONG_MESSAGE.

textPersonName

0x00000061

Text that is the name of a person. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_PERSON_NAME.

textPostalAddress

0x00000071

Text that is being supplied as a postal mailing address. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_POSTAL_ADDRESS.

textPassword

0x00000081

Text that is a password. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_PASSWORD.

textVisiblePassword

0x00000091

Text that is a password that should be visible. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_VISIBLE_PASSWORD.

textWebEditText

0x000000a1

Text that is being supplied as text in a web form. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_WEB_EDIT_TEXT.

textFilter

0x000000b1

Text that is filtering some other data. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_FILTER.

textPhonetic

0x000000c1

Text that is for phonetic pronunciation, such as a phonetic name field in a contact entry. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_PHONETIC.

textWebEmailAddress

0x000000d1

Text that will be used as an e-mail address on a web form. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_WEB_EMAIL_ADDRESS.

textWebPassword

0x000000e1

Text that will be used as a password on a web form. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_WEB_PASSWORD.

number

0x00000002

A numeric only field. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | TYPE_NUMBER_VARIATION_NORMAL.

numberSigned

0x00001002

Can be combined with number and its other options to allow a signed number. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | TYPE_NUMBER_FLAG_SIGNED.

numberDecimal

0x00002002

Can be combined with number and its other options to allow a decimal (fractional) number. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | TYPE_NUMBER_FLAG_DECIMAL.

numberPassword

0x00000012

A numeric password field. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_NUMBER | TYPE_NUMBER_VARIATION_PASSWORD.

phone

0x00000003

For entering a phone number. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_PHONE.

datetime

0x00000004

For entering a date and time. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_DATETIME | TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_NORMAL.

date

0x00000014

For entering a date. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_DATETIME | TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_DATE.

time

0x00000024

For entering a time. Corresponds to TYPE_CLASS_DATETIME | TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_TIME.

 

如此,就可以自己去在xml或代码中,分别试试,每种不同的InputType对应的都是什么效果了。

 

注意:通过代码给InputType赋值时,不是设置TYPE_XXX_VARIATION_YYY,而是要设置TYPE_CLASS_XXX | TYPE_XXXX_VARAITION_YYY

之前在代码中给InputType设置值,错写成:

inputType = InputType.TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_TIME;

导致,EditText点击后,不显示输入法键盘,改为正确的:

inputType = InputType.TYPE_CLASS_DATETIME | InputType.TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_TIME;

就可以正常的显示键盘了。

 

而后,也注意到官网

InputType | Android Developers

的解释中的示例:

A password field with with the password visible to the user:
inputType = TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_VISIBLE_PASSWORD
A multi-line postal address with automatic capitalization:
inputType = TYPE_CLASS_TEXT | TYPE_TEXT_VARIATION_POSTAL_ADDRESS | TYPE_TEXT_FLAG_MULTI_LINE
A time field:
inputType = TYPE_CLASS_DATETIME | TYPE_DATETIME_VARIATION_TIME

以及

TextView | Android Developers – android:inputType

中提示的:

“Must be one or more (separated by ‘|’) of the following constant values.”

即:

需要一个或多个值,中间通过竖杠"|"去抑或(按位或)的。

 

详见:

【已解决】Android中EditText点击获得焦点后无法显示输入法键盘



One Thought on “【整理】Android中EditText中的InputType类型含义与如何定义

  1. 请验证代码的有效性,实测设置numberPassword后任然是是明文密码

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

无觅相关文章插件,快速提升流量