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【已解决】Mac中mysqld去重新初始化mysql出错:mysqld Can’t create directory /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/ Errcode 17 File exists

Mac crifan 1141浏览 0评论

折腾:

【基本解决】如何恢复Mac中mysql中的mysql表

期间,尝试在Mac本地中去重新初始化mysql数据库,结果出错:

<code>➜  AliyunRdsMysql mysqld --initialize

mysqld: Can't create directory '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/' (Errcode: 17 - File exists)
2018-04-27T02:28:43.628842Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:28:43.639180Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting
</code>

搜:

mac mysqld –initialize Can’t create directory Errcode: 17 – File exists

MySQL :: mysqld –initialize (Errcode: 17 – File exists)

MySQL Bugs: #82281: mysqld –initialize reports “Permission denied”, regardless of permissions

MySQL 5.7 installation error `mysqld: Can’t create/write to file ‘/var/lib/mysql/is_writable’` – Stack Overflow

去设置文件夹权限给mysql用户?

先去看看文件夹权限

<code>➜  AliyunRdsMysql ll /usr/local/mysql*
lrwxr-xr-x  1 root  wheel    30B  4 26 11:28 /usr/local/mysql -&gt; mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64

/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64:
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel     18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel    2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 root    wheel    1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-x---  13 _mysql  _mysql   416B  4 27 10:23 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 root    wheel    160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 root    wheel    1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 root    wheel    352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root    wheel    128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 root    wheel    1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 root    wheel    192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
</code>

发现对应文件夹

data

keyring

的权限,和其不同。

所以强制改为一样的:

<code>cd /usr/local/mysql
sudo chown root:wheel data/ keyring/

</code>

➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo ls -lha

total 48

drwxr-xr-x  13 root  wheel   416B  4 26 11:28 .

drwxr-xr-x  30 root  wheel   960B  4 26 11:28 ..

-rw-r–r–   1 root  wheel    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING

-rw-r–r–   1 root  wheel   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README

drwxr-xr-x  40 root  wheel   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin

drwxr-x—  13 root  wheel   416B  4 27 10:23 data

drwxr-xr-x   5 root  wheel   160B  3  4 23:24 docs

drwxr-xr-x  50 root  wheel   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include

drwxr-x—   2 root  wheel    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring

drwxr-xr-x  11 root  wheel   352B  4 26 11:28 lib

drwxr-xr-x   4 root  wheel   128B  3  4 23:24 man

drwxr-xr-x  39 root  wheel   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share

drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files

然后再去试试,问题依旧。

laradoc_mysql container fails to start: ‘/var/lib/mysql/is_writable’ (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied) · Issue #1134 · laradock/laradock

mysqld: Can’t create/write to file ‘/var/lib/mysql/is_writable’ (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied) · Issue #219 · docker-library/mysql

mac mysqld –initialize  Errcode  17  File exists

database – Errors with MySQL 5.7 installation on Mac OS X El Capitan – Stack Overflow

<code>➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create directory '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/' (Errcode: 17 - File exists)
2018-04-27T02:37:59.880961Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:37:59.885751Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
Password:
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
ls: data: Permission denied
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create directory '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/' (Errcode: 17 - File exists)
2018-04-27T02:45:09.395529Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:45:09.398914Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 root    wheel   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-x---  13 _mysql  wheel   416B  4 27 10:23 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 root    wheel   160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 root    wheel   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 root    wheel    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 root    wheel   352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root    wheel   128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 root    wheel   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 root    wheel   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
</code>

MySQL Bugs: #79280: mysqld –initialize –defaults-file is ignored if appended

Ubuntu初始化MySQL碰到的坑 – 再见紫罗兰 – 博客园

<code>➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /etc/com.apple.screensharing.agent.launchd
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo -rf /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
usage: sudo -h | -K | -k | -V
usage: sudo -v [-AknS] [-g group] [-h host] [-p prompt] [-u user]
usage: sudo -l [-AknS] [-g group] [-h host] [-p prompt] [-U user] [-u user] [command]
usage: sudo [-AbEHknPS] [-C num] [-g group] [-h host] [-p prompt] [-u user] [VAR=value] [-i|-s] [&lt;command&gt;]
usage: sudo -e [-AknS] [-C num] [-g group] [-h host] [-p prompt] [-u user] file ...
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo rm -rf /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create directory '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/' (Errcode: 13 - Permission denied)
2018-04-27T02:49:17.752781Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:49:17.756184Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
ls: /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/: No such file or directory
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mkdir /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
mkdir: /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/: Permission denied
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo mkdir /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 root  wheel    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 root  wheel   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 root  wheel   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 root  wheel   160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 root  wheel   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 root  wheel    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 root  wheel   352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root  wheel   128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 root  wheel   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 root    wheel   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 root    wheel   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 _mysql  wheel    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 root    wheel   160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 root    wheel   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 root    wheel    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 root    wheel   352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root    wheel   128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 root    wheel   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 root    wheel   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/is_writable' (Errcode: 13 - Permission denied)
2018-04-27T02:50:18.135455Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:50:18.138903Z 0 [ERROR] --initialize specified but the data directory exists and is not writable. Aborting.
2018-04-27T02:50:18.138922Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/is_writable' (Errcode: 13 - Permission denied)
2018-04-27T02:51:08.812702Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:51:08.815740Z 0 [ERROR] --initialize specified but the data directory exists and is not writable. Aborting.
2018-04-27T02:51:08.815757Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 _mysql  _mysql    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 _mysql  _mysql   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 _mysql  _mysql   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 _mysql  _mysql   160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 _mysql  _mysql   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 _mysql  _mysql   352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 _mysql  _mysql   128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 _mysql  _mysql   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 _mysql  _mysql   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R crifan:wheel /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel    18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel   2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 crifan  wheel   1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 crifan  wheel    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 crifan  wheel   160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 crifan  wheel   1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 crifan  wheel    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 crifan  wheel   352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 crifan  wheel   128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 crifan  wheel   1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 crifan  wheel   192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel     18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel    2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 crifan  wheel    1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 crifan  wheel    160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 crifan  wheel    1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 crifan  wheel     64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 crifan  wheel    352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 crifan  wheel    128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 crifan  wheel    1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 crifan  wheel    192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/keyring
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel     18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel    2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 crifan  wheel    1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 crifan  wheel    160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 crifan  wheel    1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 crifan  wheel    352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 crifan  wheel    128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 crifan  wheel    1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 crifan  wheel    192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/is_writable' (Errcode: 13 - Permission denied)
2018-04-27T02:53:18.478871Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:53:18.485012Z 0 [ERROR] --initialize specified but the data directory exists and is not writable. Aborting.
2018-04-27T02:53:18.485095Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting
</code>

mysqld: Can’t create/write to file data/is_writable (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied)

mac mysqld   Can’t create/write to file data/is_writable (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied)

mysql container immediately exited (1) · Issue #237 · laradock/laradock

mysqld: Can’t create/write to file ‘/var/lib/mysql/is_writable’ (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied) · Issue #19 · maxpou/docker-symfony

Docker – 编写永久数据MySQL – IT屋-程序员软件开发技术分享社区

mac mysqld Can’t create/write to file data/is_writable Errcode  13 Permission denied

mysqld: Can’t create/write to file ‘/var/lib/mysql/is_writable’ (Errcode: 13 – Permission denied) · Issue #219 · docker-library/mysql

算了,去弄777拉倒:

<code>➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ sudo chmod 777 /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
Password:
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ ll /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/
total 48
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel     18K  3  4 21:40 COPYING
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  wheel    2.4K  3  4 21:40 README
drwxr-xr-x  40 crifan  wheel    1.3K  3  4 23:25 bin
drwxrwxrwx   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 27 10:49 data
drwxr-xr-x   5 crifan  wheel    160B  3  4 23:24 docs
drwxr-xr-x  50 crifan  wheel    1.6K  3  4 23:24 include
drwxr-x---   2 _mysql  _mysql    64B  4 26 11:28 keyring
drwxr-xr-x  11 crifan  wheel    352B  4 26 11:28 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 crifan  wheel    128B  3  4 23:24 man
drwxr-xr-x  39 crifan  wheel    1.2K  3  4 23:24 share
drwxr-xr-x   6 crifan  wheel    192B  3  4 23:24 support-files
</code>

然后就可以了:

<code>➜  mysql git:(master) ✗ mysqld --initialize
2018-04-27T02:59:51.470525Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2018-04-27T02:59:51.474513Z 0 [Warning] Setting lower_case_table_names=2 because file system for /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/ is case insensitive
2018-04-27T02:59:51.722216Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790
2018-04-27T02:59:51.758490Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2018-04-27T02:59:51.769637Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: 0e0a9c82-49c7-11e8-9518-641b5a7436b1.
2018-04-27T02:59:51.795506Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2018-04-27T02:59:51.801157Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: sK.2kMuqsw02
</code>

【总结】

此处就是权限问题。

最终是:

把出了问题的文件夹,给了777的权限:

<code>sudo chmod 777 /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data
</code>

后,就可以正常执行:

<code>mysqld --initialize
</code>

去重新初始化数据库了。

转载请注明:在路上 » 【已解决】Mac中mysqld去重新初始化mysql出错:mysqld Can’t create directory /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-macos10.13-x86_64/data/ Errcode 17 File exists

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