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【已解决】Ming/MSYS下运行FOP出错:Unable to start FOP, java.lang.RuntimeException: fop.jar not found in directory

MSYS crifan 839浏览 0评论

【问题】

MingW的MSYS环境下,运行FOP,结果出错了:

=============================== generating pdf ==============================
fop --execdebug -c /E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf ../output/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo -pdf ../output/pdf
/docbook_dev_note.pdf
exec "C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre7/bin/java" -classpath "E:\Dev_Root\docbook\tools\fop-1.0/build/fop.jar;E:\Dev_Root
\docbook\tools\fop-1.0/build/fop-sandbox.jar;E:\Dev_Root\docbook\tools\fop-1.0/build/fop-hyph.jar;" org.apache.fop.cli.M
ain "-c" "/E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf" "../output/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo" "-pdf" "../output/pdf/do
cbook_dev_note.pdf"
Unable to start FOP:
java.lang.RuntimeException: fop.jar not found in directory: e:\Dev_Root\docbook\dev\books\docbook_dev_note\src (or below
)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.Main.getJARList(Main.java:65)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.Main.startFOPWithDynamicClasspath(Main.java:125)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.Main.main(Main.java:207)

【解决过程】

1. 尝试去将FOP_HOME从:

E:\Dev_Root\docbook\tools\fop-1.0

改为MSYS的路径

/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0

然后重启MingW再去测试,结果更加错误的了:

Administrator@NYBDHB7EB3XEHP6 /e/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/books/docbook_dev_note/src
$ make pdf
=============================== generating pdf ==============================
fop --execdebug -c /E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf ../output/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo -pdf ../output/pdf
/docbook_dev_note.pdf
exec "C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre7/bin/java" -classpath "/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xmlgraphics-commons-1
.4.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xml-apis-ext-1.3.04.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xml-apis-1.3.
04.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xercesImpl-2.7.1.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xalan-2.7.0.jar;
/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/serializer-2.7.0.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/fop-hyph.jar;/E/Dev_Roo
t/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/commons-logging-1.0.4.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/commons-io-1.3.1.jar;/E/Dev_
Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/batik-all-1.7.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/avalon-framework-4.2.0.jar;/E/Dev
_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/build/fop.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/build/fop-sandbox.jar;/E/Dev_Root/docbook/to
ols/fop-1.0/build/fop-hyph.jar;" org.apache.fop.cli.Main "-c" "/E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf" "../ou
tput/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo" "-pdf" "../output/pdf/docbook_dev_note.pdf"
错误: 找不到或无法加载主类 org.apache.fop.cli.Main
make: *** [../output/pdf/docbook_dev_note.pdf] Error 1

2. 看了半天,感觉还是先要把之前在这里:

【终极解决】fop错误:Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError:org/apache/xmlgraphics/image/loader/ImageContext 的终极解决办法,即cygpath有bug,转换路径出错,导致部分路径被截断

对于fop的改动再改回来,即把:

#LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –unix "$LOCALCLASSPATH"`

# for cygpath has bug, so use follow workaround

# edit by admin AT crifan DOT com

LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –$format "$LOCALCLASSPATH"`

LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –unix "$LCP_TEMP"`

再改回:

LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –unix "$LOCALCLASSPATH"`

# for cygpath has bug, so use follow workaround

# edit by admin AT crifan DOT com

#LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –$format "$LOCALCLASSPATH"`

#LCP_TEMP=`cygpath –path –unix "$LCP_TEMP"`

看看结果如何。结果却是问题依旧。

3. 最后,还是感觉让java去执行/E/xxx的MSYS路径,明显不太多,所以还是改回去:

把FOP_HOME的/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0改回E:\Dev_Root\docbook\tools\fop-1.0

不过,倒也可以先试试:

E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0

的效果如何。

结果无意中,竟然就正常执行了,真是很无语:

=============================== generating pdf ==============================
fop --execdebug -c /E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf ../output/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo -pdf ../output/pdf
/docbook_dev_note.pdf
exec "C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre7/bin/java" -classpath "E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xmlgraphics-commons-1
.4.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xml-apis-ext-1.3.04.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xml-apis-1.3.
04.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xercesImpl-2.7.1.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/xalan-2.7.0.jar;
E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/serializer-2.7.0.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/fop-hyph.jar;E:/Dev_Roo
t/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/commons-logging-1.0.4.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/commons-io-1.3.1.jar;E:/Dev_
Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/batik-all-1.7.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/lib/avalon-framework-4.2.0.jar;E:/Dev
_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/build/fop.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0/build/fop-sandbox.jar;E:/Dev_Root/docbook/to
ols/fop-1.0/build/fop-hyph.jar;" org.apache.fop.cli.Main "-c" "/E/Dev_Root/docbook/dev/config/fop/conf/fop.xconf" "../ou
tput/fo/docbook_dev_note.fo" "-pdf" "../output/pdf/docbook_dev_note.pdf"
十月 01, 2012 11:48:21 下午 org.apache.fop.apps.FopFactoryConfigurator configure
INFO: Default page-height set to: 11in
十月 01, 2012 11:48:21 下午 org.apache.fop.apps.FopFactoryConfigurator configure

4. 回头再去刚刚才的改动,之所以可以让其正常工作,主要是里面的所有的路径中的分隔符,都是Unix中的斜杠,而非开始的斜杠和反斜杠的混合体。

 

【总结】

MingW/MSYS环境下,运行FOP出错Unable to start FOP, java.lang.RuntimeException: fop.jar not found in directory的

原因是FOP_HOME的路径设置有误。

解决办法是:

把FOP_HOME从

从windows(cmd)类型的路径:

E:\Dev_Root\docbook\tools\fop-1.0

改为Unix类型的路径:

E:/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0

如此,FOP(在MingW的环境下)就可以正常识别对应的路径了。

注意,也不能改为MingW的路径:

/E/Dev_Root/docbook/tools/fop-1.0

否则还是会出现另外的错误”找不到或无法加载主类 org.apache.fop.cli.Main “的。

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