最新消息:VPS服务器又从fzhost.net换回Linode了,主题仍用朋友推荐的大前端D8

【已解决】docbook中pdf中没有出现/显示revhistory所对应的历史版本

Docbook crifan 565浏览 0评论

【问题】

docbook中,写好了xml源码:

<bookinfo>
    <title>MPEG简介 + 如何计算CBR和VBR的MP3的播放时间</title>
    <author><personname><firstname>Crifan</firstname><surname>Li</surname></personname></author>
    <authorinitials>crl</authorinitials>
    <revhistory>
        <revision>
            <revnumber>1.0</revnumber>
            <date>2009-09-19</date>
            <revremark>
                <orderedlist>
                    <listitem>简介MPEG相关知识</listitem>
                    <listitem>详细介绍如何计算CBR和VBR的MP3的播放时间</listitem>
                </orderedlist>
            </revremark>
        </revision>
    </revhistory>

也可以生成对应的html和pdf了。

但是对于其中的revhistory所对应的版本历史部分的内容,

html中是可以正常显示的:

html show revhistory

但是pdf中却不显示这部分内容。

【解决过程】

1.参考:docbook-apps message,去:

Print title pages Chapter 13. Print customizations

然后又找到了:

Part III. Customizing DocBook XSL – Chapter 11. Title page customization

然后按照其提示,我去:

docbook-xsl-ns-1.76.1\fo

下面的:

titlepage.templates.xml

中,找到了:

<!-- ==================================================================== -->

  <t:titlepage t:element="book" t:wrapper="fo:block">
    <t:titlepage-content t:side="recto">
      <title
	     t:named-template="division.title"
	     param:node="ancestor-or-self::book[1]"
	     text-align="center"
	     font-size="&hsize5;"
	     space-before="&hsize5space;"
	     font-weight="bold"
	     font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <subtitle
		text-align="center"
		font-size="&hsize4;"
		space-before="&hsize4space;"
		font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <corpauthor font-size="&hsize3;"
		  keep-with-next.within-column="always"
		  space-before="2in"/>
      <authorgroup space-before="2in"/>
      <author font-size="&hsize3;"
	      space-before="&hsize2space;"
	      keep-with-next.within-column="always"/>
      <!-- If you add editor, include this t:predicate attribute
           because only the first editor generates the list of editors.
      <editor t:predicate="[position() = 1]"/>
      -->

    </t:titlepage-content>

  <t:titlepage-content t:side="verso">
      <title
	     t:named-template="book.verso.title"
	     font-size="&hsize2;"
	     font-weight="bold"
	     font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <corpauthor/>
      <authorgroup t:named-template="verso.authorgroup"/>
      <author/>
      <!-- If you add editor, include this t:predicate attribute
           because only the first editor generates the list of editors.
      <editor t:predicate="[position() = 1]"/>
      -->

      <othercredit/>
      <releaseinfo space-before="0.5em"/>
      <pubdate space-before="1em"/>
      <copyright/>
      <abstract/>
      <legalnotice font-size="8pt"/>
  </t:titlepage-content>

  <t:titlepage-separator>
      <fo:block break-after="page"/>
  </t:titlepage-separator>

  <t:titlepage-before t:side="recto">
  </t:titlepage-before>

  <t:titlepage-before t:side="verso">
      <fo:block break-after="page"/>
  </t:titlepage-before>
</t:titlepage>

然后添加了对应的revision和revhistory,变为:

<!-- ==================================================================== -->

  <t:titlepage t:element="book" t:wrapper="fo:block">
    <t:titlepage-content t:side="recto">
      <title
	     t:named-template="division.title"
	     param:node="ancestor-or-self::book[1]"
	     text-align="center"
	     font-size="&hsize5;"
	     space-before="&hsize5space;"
	     font-weight="bold"
	     font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <subtitle
		text-align="center"
		font-size="&hsize4;"
		space-before="&hsize4space;"
		font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <corpauthor font-size="&hsize3;"
		  keep-with-next.within-column="always"
		  space-before="2in"/>
      <authorgroup space-before="2in"/>
      <author font-size="&hsize3;"
	      space-before="&hsize2space;"
	      keep-with-next.within-column="always"/>
      <!-- If you add editor, include this t:predicate attribute
           because only the first editor generates the list of editors.
      <editor t:predicate="[position() = 1]"/>
      -->
    <revision/>
    <revhistory/>
    </t:titlepage-content>

  <t:titlepage-content t:side="verso">
      <title
	     t:named-template="book.verso.title"
	     font-size="&hsize2;"
	     font-weight="bold"
	     font-family="{$title.fontset}"/>
      <corpauthor/>
      <authorgroup t:named-template="verso.authorgroup"/>
      <author/>
      <!-- If you add editor, include this t:predicate attribute
           because only the first editor generates the list of editors.
      <editor t:predicate="[position() = 1]"/>
      -->

      <othercredit/>
      <releaseinfo space-before="0.5em"/>
      <pubdate space-before="1em"/>
      <copyright/>
      <abstract/>
      <legalnotice font-size="8pt"/>
        <revision/>
        <revhistory/>
  </t:titlepage-content>

  <t:titlepage-separator>
      <fo:block break-after="page"/>
  </t:titlepage-separator>

  <t:titlepage-before t:side="recto">
  </t:titlepage-before>

  <t:titlepage-before t:side="verso">
      <fo:block break-after="page"/>
  </t:titlepage-before>
</t:titlepage>

 

再去重新生成fo然后pdf,结果还是没有效果,revhistory还是没有显示。

2.后来随便试着把上述的titlepage.templates.xml中弄几个语法错误,然后调用xsltproc编译,结果顺利通过,证明此处根本没有调用到对应的titlepage.templates.xml。所以还是先要搞清楚,真正调用的是哪个文件。

结果去找了下,发现当前用的xsl是:

docbook_crl.xsl

其中是包含了的另外一个xsl:

<xsl:import href="docbook.xsl"/>

而docbook.xsl中,则是:

<xsl:include href="titlepage.xsl"/>

<xsl:include href="titlepage.templates.xsl"/>

而对于titlepage.templates.xsl,又看到有提示:

<!– This stylesheet was created by template/titlepage.xsl—>

然后去找到了template/titlepage.xsl,但是也还是看不懂其内容。

而对于fo下面的titlepage.xsl,也是很复杂,貌似不好修改。

3.参考:Part III. Customizing DocBook XSL – Chapter 11. Title page customization,然后一步步照葫芦画瓢:

(1)拷贝titlepage.templates.xml为titlepage.templates_crl.xml,然后在

<t:titlepage-content t:side="recto">部分添加了:

<revision/> 和<revhistory/>

(2)用命令:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.76.1
$ xsltproc --output fo/titlepage.template_crl.xsl template/titlepage.xsl fo/titlepage.templates_crl.xml

去生成了titlepage.template_crl.xsl

(3)将titlepage.template_crl.xsl添加到了docbook_crl.xsl中:

<xsl:import href="titlepage.template_crl.xsl"/>

(4)在调用xsltproc生成fo:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/src
$ xsltproc.exe --stringparam section.autolabel 1 --stringparam section.label.includes.component.label 1 --stringparam bibliography.numbered 1 --xinclude -o /home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/output/fo/MPEG_VBR.fo /home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/docbook-xsl-ns-1.76.1/fo/docbook_crl.xsl  /home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/src/MPEG_VBR.xml
Making portrait pages on USletter paper (8.5inx11in)

是OK的。

(5)但是去生成pdf就出错了:

CLi@PC-CLI-1 ~/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/src
$ D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/fop.cmd -c D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/tools/fop/conf/fop.xconf D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/output/fo/MPEG_VBR.fo -pdf D:/tmp/tmp_dev_root/cgwin/home/CLi/develop/docbook/books/VBR/VBR/output/pdf/MPEG_VBR.pdf
May 4, 2012 1:29:19 PM org.apache.fop.apps.FopFactoryConfigurator configure
INFO: Default page-height set to: 11in
May 4, 2012 1:29:19 PM org.apache.fop.apps.FopFactoryConfigurator configure
INFO: Default page-width set to: 8.26in
May 4, 2012 1:29:19 PM org.apache.fop.cli.Main startFOP
SEVERE: Exception
javax.xml.transform.TransformerException: org.apache.fop.fo.ValidationException: Property ID "id36018215" (found on "fo:list-block") previously used; ID values must be unique within a document! (See position 9:296)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.InputHandler.transformTo(InputHandler.java:302)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.InputHandler.renderTo(InputHandler.java:130)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.Main.startFOP(Main.java:174)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.Main.main(Main.java:205)
Caused by: javax.xml.transform.TransformerException: org.apache.fop.fo.ValidationException: Property ID "id36018215" (found on "fo:list-block") previously used; ID values must be unique within a document! (See position 9:296)
        at org.apache.xalan.transformer.TransformerIdentityImpl.transform(TransformerIdentityImpl.java:501)
        at org.apache.fop.cli.InputHandler.transformTo(InputHandler.java:299)
        ... 3 more
Caused by: org.apache.fop.fo.ValidationException: Property ID "id36018215" (found on "fo:list-block") previously used; ID values must be unique within a document! (See position 9:296)
        at org.apache.fop.events.ValidationExceptionFactory.createException(ValidationExceptionFactory.java:38)
        at org.apache.fop.events.EventExceptionManager.throwException(EventExceptionManager.java:54)
        at org.apache.fop.events.DefaultEventBroadcaster$1.invoke(DefaultEventBroadcaster.java:175)
        at $Proxy0.idNotUnique(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.fop.fo.FObj.checkId(FObj.java:172)
        at org.apache.fop.fo.FObj.startOfNode(FObj.java:153)
        at org.apache.fop.fo.flow.ListBlock.startOfNode(ListBlock.java:90)
        at org.apache.fop.fo.FOTreeBuilder$MainFOHandler.startElement(FOTreeBuilder.java:327)
        at org.apache.fop.fo.FOTreeBuilder.startElement(FOTreeBuilder.java:171)
        at org.apache.xalan.transformer.TransformerIdentityImpl.startElement(TransformerIdentityImpl.java:1072)
        at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.startElement(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.xinclude.XIncludeHandler.startElement(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLNSDocumentScannerImpl.scanStartElement(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xerces.jaxp.SAXParserImpl$JAXPSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
        at org.apache.xalan.transformer.TransformerIdentityImpl.transform(TransformerIdentityImpl.java:484)
        ... 4 more

---------

然后去看了对应的fo文件,的确里面有两个id都是id36018215:

 <fo:list-block id="id36018215" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em" space-after.optimum="1em" space-after.minimum="0.8em" space-after.maximum="1.2em" provisional-distance-between-starts="1.2em" provisional-label-separation="0.2em"><fo:list-item id="id36018198" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em"><fo:list-item-label end-indent="label-end()"><fo:block>1.</fo:block></fo:list-item-label><fo:list-item-body start-indent="body-start()"><fo:block>简介MPEG相关知识</fo:block></fo:list-item-body></fo:list-item><fo:list-item id="id36018211" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em"><fo:list-item-label end-indent="label-end()"><fo:block>2.</fo:block></fo:list-item-label><fo:list-item-body start-indent="body-start()">
xxxxxxxxxx
                <fo:list-block id="id36018215" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em" space-after.optimum="1em" space-after.minimum="0.8em" space-after.maximum="1.2em" provisional-distance-between-starts="1.2em" provisional-label-separation="0.2em"><fo:list-item id="id36018198" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em"><fo:list-item-label end-indent="label-end()"><fo:block>1.</fo:block></fo:list-item-label><fo:list-item-body start-indent="body-start()"><fo:block>简介MPEG相关知识</fo:block></fo:list-item-body></fo:list-item><fo:list-item id="id36018211" space-before.optimum="1em" space-before.minimum="0.8em" space-before.maximum="1.2em"><fo:list-item-label end-indent="label-end()"><fo:block>2.</fo:block></fo:list-item-label><fo:list-item-body start-indent="body-start()"><fo:block>详细介绍如何计算CBR和VBR的MP3的播放时间</fo:block></fo:list-item-body></fo:list-item></fo:list-block>
            </fo:block></fo:table-cell></fo:table-row><fo:table-row><fo:table-cell><fo:block>修订 1.4</fo:block></fo:table-cell><fo:table-cell><fo:block>2011-04-24</fo:block></fo:table-cell><fo:table-cell><fo:block/></fo:table-cell></fo:table-row><fo:table-row><fo:table-cell number-columns-spanned="3"><fo:block>

 

也尝试过,去把docbook_crl.xsl中import titlepage.template_crl.xsl去掉,而手动添加到此处所用到的那个docbook.xsl中,即替换掉

<xsl:include href="titlepage.templates.xsl"/>

<xsl:include href="pagesetup.xsl"/>

但却都还是不行。

这是无语了。

4.不过后来手动把那些重复的id改成别的值,比如id36018888,然后就可以生成了对应的pdf了,但是的确是关于revhistory的部分,内容重复了,显示效果如下:

duplicated revhistory

所以,还是要去搞懂,此处为何是重复了。

5.后来,折腾了很长时间,最后无意间才想起来,原来是我在对于book的recto和verso,都添加了对应的revhistory,导致了生成的pdf中,recto所对应的第一页和verso所对应的第二页中,都出现了修订历史。

因此,直接把verso部分的revhistory去掉,即可。

 

【总结】

想要给docbook的pdf中生成revhistory修订历史的话,此处可简述其逻辑为:

1.新建自己的xml

参考原先自带的titlepage.templates.xml,拷贝一份出来,在:

<t:titlepage t:element="book" t:wrapper="fo:block">

  <t:titlepage-content t:side="recto">

部分,添加对应的:

<revhistory>

2.生成相应的xsl

使用xsltproc,根据template/titlepage.xsl,使用上面修改后的xml,生产对应的xsl文件

3. 添加该xsl

将xsl文件添加到你的docbook.xsl文件即可。

4.其余步骤依旧

然后就是按照你之前的步骤了:调用xsltproc生成对应fo,然后再调用fop生成pdf,即可。

 

具体如何做,请参考:Part III. Customizing DocBook XSL – Chapter 11. Title page customization

转载请注明:在路上 » 【已解决】docbook中pdf中没有出现/显示revhistory所对应的历史版本

发表我的评论
取消评论

表情

Hi,您需要填写昵称和邮箱!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址
15 queries in 0.288 seconds, using 11.37MB memory