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【规避解决】gitbook install时能否指定node_modules的安装路径

gitbook crifan 429浏览 0评论

折腾:

【已解决】优化gitbook的生成book模板提取共用的node_modules

期间,在优化gitbook创建电子书的模板框架期间,希望在对每个book去install插件时,所生成的node_modules,可以指定目录,这样就可以不用安装到当前目录了。

gitbook install

gitbook install path

setting a different npm install directory during gitbook install · Issue #76 · GitbookIO/gitbook-cli

搜搜GITBOOK_DIR

gitbook-cli – npm

“gitbook-cli store GitBook’s versions into ~/.gitbook, you can set the GITBOOK_DIRenvironment variable to use another directory.”

好像只是版本信息,而不是node_modules目录

另外,之前通过,单独拷贝别的book去install后的node_modules到某个book中,也是可以使用的

-》说明对于我此处,book.json中配置同样的插件的话,安装出来的node_modules是一样的,通用的。

Gitbook命令行速览 | Gitbook 使用入门

➜  gitbook_demo gitbook -h
  Usage: gitbook [options] [command]

  Options:

    -v, –gitbook [version]  specify GitBook version to use

    -d, –debug              enable verbose error

    -V, –version            Display running versions of gitbook and gitbook-cli

    -h, –help               output usage information

  Commands:

    ls                        List versions installed locally

    current                   Display currently activated version

    ls-remote                 List remote versions available for install

    fetch [version]           Download and install a <version>

    alias [folder] [version]  Set an alias named <version> pointing to <folder>

    uninstall [version]       Uninstall a version

    update [tag]              Update to the latest version of GitBook

    help                      List commands for GitBook

    *                         run a command with a specific gitbook version

再去:

➜  gitbook_demo gitbook help  
    build [book] [output]       build a book
        --log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)
        --format                Format to build to (Default is website; Values are website, json, ebook)
        --[no-]timing           Print timing debug information (Default is false)

    serve [book] [output]       serve the book as a website for testing

        –port                  Port for server to listen on (Default is 4000)

        –lrport                Port for livereload server to listen on (Default is 35729)

        –[no-]watch            Enable file watcher and live reloading (Default is true)

        –[no-]live             Enable live reloading (Default is true)

        –[no-]open             Enable opening book in browser (Default is false)

        –browser               Specify browser for opening book (Default is )

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

        –format                Format to build to (Default is website; Values are website, json, ebook)

    install [book]              install all plugins dependencies

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

    parse [book]                parse and print debug information about a book

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

    init [book]                 setup and create files for chapters

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

    pdf [book] [output]         build a book into an ebook file

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

    epub [book] [output]        build a book into an ebook file

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

    mobi [book] [output]        build a book into an ebook file

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

对于install只有:

    install [book]              install all plugins dependencies

        –log                   Minimum log level to display (Default is info; Values are debug, info, warn, error, disabled)

没有其他可以指定安装插件到哪里的参数

gitbook – npm

使用 | GitBook 简明教程

book.json | GitBook 简明教程

去找找book.json的全部参数解释,看看是否有指定node_modules安装到哪里的设置

GitbookIO/gitbook: 📝 Modern documentation format and toolchain using Git and Markdown

multipart | GitBook 简明教程

看起来是:

除了把插件加到book.json,再去gitbook install外,还可以直接去用npm全局安装该插件:

npm install gitbook-plugin-multipart -g

那么的话

-》把此处用到的插件,全局安装到npm中,应该就可以了

就不用让当前文件夹中生成node_modules了?

Gitbook安装与使用教程 – 简书

也说了:

$ npm install gitbook-plugin-disqus

gitbook/setup.md at master · GitbookIO/gitbook

命令 · GitBook 使用教程

01.终端工具 · GitBook Clarity

可能之前或许已经全局安装过一些此处book.json中指定的gitbook的插件了

那就直接去build试试,看看是否提示缺哪些

以及待会再去用npm看看已安装了哪些插件

➜  gitbook_demo node --version
v10.4.0

然后:

此处make debug,报错:

gitbook serve /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/books/gitbook_demo /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/books/gitbook_demo/debug --log debug
Live reload server started on port: 35729
Press CTRL+C to quit ...

debug: readme found at README.md

debug: summary file found at SUMMARY.md

debug: cleanup folder “/Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/books/gitbook_demo/debug”

info: 7 plugins are installed

info: 20 explicitly listed

Error: Couldn’t locate plugins “anchors, search-plus, disqus, prism, prism-themes, github-buttons, splitter, sharing-plus, tbfed-pagefooter, expandable-chapters-small, ga, donate, sitemap-general, copy-code-button, callouts, toolbar-button, theme-comscore”, Run ‘gitbook install’ to install plugins from registry.

make: *** [../../common/gitbook_makefile.mk:247: debug] Error 1

是希望的输出:

找到7个插件,20个没找到

那就去安装,全局的,加-g参数

但是分别要去搞清楚具体插件的全名:

book.json

  "plugins": [
    "theme-comscore", 
    "anchors", 
    "-lunr", 
    "-search", 
    "search-plus", 
    "disqus", 
    "-highlight", 
    "prism", 
    "prism-themes", 
    "github-buttons", 
    "splitter", 
    "-sharing", 
    "sharing-plus", 
    "tbfed-pagefooter", 
    "expandable-chapters-small", 
    "ga", 
    "donate", 
    "sitemap-general", 
    "copy-code-button", 
    "callouts", 
    "toolbar-button"
  ], 

然后分别去看看缺少的那些的插件全名

gitbook plugin anchors

gitbook-plugin-anchors

➜  gitbook_demo npm install -g gitbook-plugin-anchors
+ gitbook-plugin-anchors@0.7.1
added 30 packages from 10 contributors in 4.358s

继续看看输出错误中减少了这个anchors:

info: 7 plugins are installed 
info: 20 explicitly listed

Error: Couldn’t locate plugins “anchors, search-plus, disqus, prism, prism-themes, github-buttons, splitter, sharing-plus, tbfed-pagefooter, expandable-chapters-small, ga, donate, sitemap-general, copy-code-button, callouts, toolbar-button, theme-comscore”, Run ‘gitbook install’ to install plugins from registry.

make: *** [../../common/gitbook_makefile.mk:247: debug] Error 1

没变化,问题依旧。

所以问题转换为:

虽然npm -g全局安装了,但是gitbook serve还是找不到对应插件,还是报错

Error Couldn’t locate plugins Run gitbook install to install plugins from registry

npm installed global but gitbook Error Couldn’t locate plugins Run gitbook install to install plugins from registry

gitbook Error Couldn’t locate plugins Run gitbook install to install plugins from registry

GitBook使用教程 | 秋过冬漫长

顺带看看现在远程gitbook版本是否有更新

➜  gitbook_demo gitbook ls-remote
Available GitBook Versions:

     4.0.0-alpha.6, 4.0.0-alpha.5, 4.0.0-alpha.4, 4.0.0-alpha.3, 4.0.0-alpha.2, 4.0.0-alpha.1, 3.2.3, 3.2.2, 3.2.1, 3.2.0, 3.2.0-pre.1, 3.2.0-pre.0, 3.1.1, 3.1.0, 3.0.3, 3.0.2, 3.0.1, 3.0.0, 3.0.0-pre.15, 3.0.0-pre.14, 3.0.0-pre.13, 3.0.0-pre.12, 3.0.0-pre.11, 3.0.0-pre.10, 3.0.0-pre.9, 3.0.0-pre.8, 3.0.0-pre.7, 3.0.0-pre.6, 3.0.0-pre.5, 3.0.0-pre.4, 3.0.0-pre.3, 3.0.0-pre.2, 3.0.0-pre.1, 2.6.9, 2.6.8, 2.6.7, 2.6.6, 2.6.5, 2.6.4, 2.6.3, 2.6.2, 2.6.1, 2.6.0, 2.5.2, 2.5.1, 2.5.0, 2.5.0-beta.7, 2.5.0-beta.6, 2.5.0-beta.5, 2.5.0-beta.4, 2.5.0-beta.3, 2.5.0-beta.2, 2.5.0-beta.1, 2.4.3, 2.4.2, 2.4.1, 2.4.0, 2.3.3, 2.3.2, 2.3.1, 2.3.0, 2.2.0, 2.1.0, 2.0.4, 2.0.3, 2.0.2, 2.0.1, 2.0.0, 2.0.0-beta.5, 2.0.0-beta.4, 2.0.0-beta.3, 2.0.0-beta.2, 2.0.0-beta.1, 2.0.0-alpha.9, 2.0.0-alpha.8, 2.0.0-alpha.7, 2.0.0-alpha.6, 2.0.0-alpha.5, 2.0.0-alpha.4, 2.0.0-alpha.3, 2.0.0-alpha.2, 2.0.0-alpha.1

Tags:

     latest : 2.6.9

     pre : 4.0.0-alpha.6

除了现在用的3开头的3.2.3外,就是4.x的版本了。

不是我们要的。

GitBook 使用入门教程 第2页_Linux教程_Linux公社-Linux系统门户网站

https://www.icharm.me/世上最佳离线makedown编辑工具(gitbook和gitbook-editor).html

GitBook 编译,生成pdf报错 – 业余草

不知道是否有

gitbook install -g

之类的全局安装?

去试试:

➜  gitbook_demo gitbook install -g    
info: installing 17 plugins using npm@3.9.2 
info:  
info: installing plugin "theme-comscore" 
...

等等看,结果,还是在当前目录生成node_modules

不是我要的

后续是,用npm安装插件,不用加-g:

npm install gitbook-plugin-code-editor

去试试:

npm install gitbook-plugin-anchors

结果,会在当前目录生成node_modules:

不是我要的

第七章 插件 · GitBook实战指南

gitbook install ./

还可以指定位置的?

结果

➜  gitbook_demo gitbook install /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/gitbook
info: nothing to install! 

由于目标目录中是空的:

所以找不到要的book.json等文件,所以不会去安装。

-》那如果给

/Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/gitbook

中,拷贝相关的所有的文件

README.md

book.json

整个src目录

那估计是可以安装的,但是回头gitbook sever估计又找不到了。

gitbook serve custom node_modules folder

Support option for custom output directory · Issue #19 · GitbookIO/gitbook-cli

node.js – Create a gitbook plugin locally without publishing it – Stack Overflow

npm-link | npm Documentation

关于ln软链接,之前也考虑过,但是还是有点不够完美

最好能指定node_modules目录最好

Polymer bundler does not output node_modules folder with custom bundles – Stack Overflow

node.js – Use a custom directory name instead of node_modules when installing with npm – Stack Overflow

node_modules的目录名,是不能改的,是npm的core决定的

【已解决】gitbook中安装multipart插件 – 在路上

GitBook 使用 | 吴小龙同學

npm install gitbook-plugin-anchor-navigation-ex –save

去查查–save参数含义

npm install –save

webpack – –save-dev 与 --save区别 – SegmentFault 思否

是写入package.json中,放在dependencies下

对应的是:–save-dev放在devDependencies下

目前到现在,只能用ln软链接了。

所以初始化安装插件过程是:

gitbook install
mv node_modules /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/gitbook

然后:

➜  gitbook_demo ll -h 
total 56
-rw-r--r--@  1 crifan  staff    40B  5 31 21:39 Makefile
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  staff   1.5K  6  1 10:23 README.md
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  staff   223B  5 29 20:47 README_current.json
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  staff   3.0K  6  1 10:23 book.json
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  staff   446B  6 15  2018 book_current.json
lrwxr-xr-x   1 crifan  staff    82B  6  1 12:43 node_modules -> /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/generated/gitbook/node_modules
drwxr-xr-x   3 crifan  staff    96B  5 30 19:51 output
-rw-r--r--   1 crifan  staff   7.8K  6  1 10:45 package-lock.json
drwxr-xr-x  10 crifan  staff   320B  6  1 10:10 src

【总结】

至此,只能通过ln软链接实现,避免每个book下面都弄一套node_modules。

转载请注明:在路上 » 【规避解决】gitbook install时能否指定node_modules的安装路径

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