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【无法解决】makefile中在target目标中include另外makefile文件

makefile crifan 448浏览 0评论

折腾:

【基本解决】Makefile中从独立文件比如json中读取配置变量

期间,后来想到当前做法:

include ../DeployServerInfo.mk

upload:

  @echo ================================================================================

ifeq ($(SHOULD_IGNORE), true)

  @echo Ignore upload $(BOOK_NAME) to book.crifan.com

else

  @echo Upload for $(BOOK_NAME)

  sshpass -p $(DEPLOY_SERVER_PASSWORD) rsync -avzh –progress –stats –delete –force $(OUTPUT_PATH) $(DEPLOY_SERVER_USER)@$(DEPLOY_SERVER_IP):$(DEPLOY_SERVER_PATH)

endif

有个小缺点:

当使用此makefile时,就一定要额外导入额外makefile

而有时候,比如有人不需要此处upload,按道理可以不需要导入才对

所以希望实现:

把include放到upload的target中

去研究如何实现

makefile include within target

makefile – include files depended on target – Stack Overflow

gnu make – Can a Makefile ‘include’ be dynamically set based on the target? – Stack Overflow

GNU make: Goals

gnu – Obtaining Target-Specific Variables in included Makefiles – Stack Overflow

gnu make – How to use the include directive in a makefile for a specific target – Stack Overflow

Auto-Dependency Generation | GNU make

Why Makefile include should be after all: target? – Stack Overflow

contiki/Makefile.include at master · contiki-os/contiki

GNU make: Goals

干脆试试直接放include到target中是否可行

upload:
  @echo ================================================================================
ifeq ($(SHOULD_IGNORE), true)

  @echo Ignore upload $(BOOK_NAME) to book.crifan.com

else

  @echo Upload for $(BOOK_NAME)

  include ../DeployServerInfo.mk

  sshpass -p $(DEPLOY_SERVER_PASSWORD) rsync -avzh –progress –stats –delete –force $(OUTPUT_PATH) $(DEPLOY_SERVER_USER)@$(DEPLOY_SERVER_IP):$(DEPLOY_SERVER_PATH)

endif

结果:

include ../DeployServerInfo.mk
make: include: No such file or directory
make: *** [upload] Error 1

说是找不到。

难道是路径不对?

那加上绝对路径试试

include /Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/gitbook/gitbook_src_root/selenium_summary/../DeployServerInfo.mk
make: include: No such file or directory

不行,感觉target中就不支持include

makefile include not working inside target

makefile – GNU make: clean target depends on includes – Stack Overflow

GNU make: Include

去试了试-减号

如果是放在target中:

upload:
  -include ../DeployServerInfo.mk
  sshpass -p $(DEPLOY_SERVER_PASSWORD) rsync -avzh --progress --stats --delete --force $(OUTPUT_PATH) $(DEPLOY_SERVER_USER)@$(DEPLOY_SERVER_IP):$(DEPLOY_SERVER_PATH)

endif

是可以的,但是由于include出错,rsync没了参数还是失败

突然想到,可以利用减号对于不存在的makefile不报错,可以放到最开始:

-include ../DeployServerInfo.mk

upload:
  sshpass -p $(DEPLOY_SERVER_PASSWORD) rsync -avzh --progress --stats --delete --force $(OUTPUT_PATH) $(DEPLOY_SERVER_USER)@$(DEPLOY_SERVER_IP):$(DEPLOY_SERVER_PATH)
endif

当故意改名DeployServerInfo.mk导致DeployServerInfo.mk不存在,希望也不报错

结果还是会报错:

➜  selenium_summary git:(master) ✗ make upload
Makefile:1: ../GitbookCommon.mk: No such file or directory
make: *** No rule to make target `../GitbookCommon.mk'.  Stop.

makefile minus include still error

makefile “-include” No such file or directory

GNU make: Include

c – Error “no such file or directory” when compiling with Makefile – Stack Overflow

makefile minus include still No such file or directory

makefile -include still error

makefile -include

makefile include 短横线

Makefile中include、-include、sinclude的区别 – huangshanchun的专栏 – CSDN博客

结果:

sinclude ../DeployServerInfo.mk

错误依旧:

➜  selenium_summary git:(master) ✗ make upload
Makefile:1: ../GitbookCommon.mk: No such file or directory
make: *** No rule to make target `../GitbookCommon.mk'.  Stop.

此处是mac,感觉和标准make不兼容啊

按道理说:

-include not_exist_file

sinclude not_exist_file

不会报错才对

此处mac中make报错了。

去看看版本

是不是太旧导致的?

【已解决】mac中升级make到最新版

结果发现最新版也不支持:

➜  selenium_summary git:(master) ✗ gmake upload
Makefile:1: ../GitbookCommon.mk: No such file or directory
gmake: *** No rule to make target '../GitbookCommon.mk'.  Stop.

结果也是不支持的。

【总结】

Mac中make 3.81版,不支持-include和sinclude

而brew安装了最新版本的4.2.1的gmake,也不支持。

那暂时只能是算了。

或者是,保留-include的写法:

-include ../DeployServerInfo.mk

然后万一别人的linux中make支持这个写法,就可以正常工作的:

当include的文件不存在,也不会报错,而会继续运行。

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