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【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件

Python crifan 4783浏览 0评论

背景

之前已经折腾过:

【记录】用PyInstaller把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件

了,虽然已经,成功的,完美的,把对应的BlogsToWordpress打包成单个exe了。

但是貌似有人说cx_Freeze打包处理的文件会更小些,所以接着打算再去试试cx_Freeze。

cx_Freeze简介

将Python打包成可执行文件,cx_Freeze算是其中一个。

另外两个是py2exe和PyInstaller

 

cx_Freeze的特点

其最大特点,目前看来,是只有cx_Freeze支持Python 3.x版本(py2exe和PyInstaller都暂不支持)。

 

下载cx_Freeze

找到

http://sourceforge.net/projects/cx-freeze/files/

中的

最新的

http://sourceforge.net/projects/cx-freeze/files/4.3.1/

下载和我当前环境:

win7 x64 + Python 2.7

所对应的:

cx_Freeze-4.3.1.win-amd64-py2.7.msi

得到688KB的

cx_Freeze-4.3.1.win-amd64-py2.7.msi

 

安装cx_Freeze

双击cx_Freeze-4.3.1.win-amd64-py2.7.msi去安装:

python 2.7 cx_Freeze 4.3.1 setup ui

found python path from reg

install cs_Freeze

然后就完成了。

 

使用cx_Freeze去打包exe

1.想去官网:

cx-freeze.sourceforge.net

找文档,结果很悲催的,此刻打不开。。。

2.找到一个readme:

http://python.net/crew/atuining/cx_Freeze/README.txt

然后去cmd中运行

FreezePython –help

结果都失败了:

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cs_Freeze>FreezePython --help
'FreezePython' is not recognized as an internal or external command,
operable program or batch file.

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cs_Freeze>FreezePython.py --help
'FreezePython.py' is not recognized as an internal or external command,
operable program or batch file.

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cs_Freeze>

3.继续找参考资料。

在安装目录中:

D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\Lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze

也没有找到相关文档。

4.后来终于找到之前就看到过的这个:

Welcome to cx_Freeze’s documentation!

cx_Freeze使用方法简介

cx_Freeze的三种用法

按照教程说法,cx_Freeze有三种用法:

  • 使用内含的cxfreeze script:用于简单的python脚本
  • 创建distutils setup script:用于稍微复杂的Python脚本,或为以后预留一定的配置
  • 直接使用cx_Freeze内部相关的类和模块:用于很复杂的Python脚本,或用于扩展,嵌入

 

cx_Freeze可生成三种可执行文件

产生的可执行文件,也有三种:

  • 把脚本用zip压缩成可执行文件:早期的cx_Freeze只支持此种单一方法
  • 创建出一个私有的zip压缩文件,但是文件名和前者一样,且以.zip结尾
  • 创建一个名为library.zip的压缩文件,把所有的模块都放到此文件里面:默认使用此种方法

后两种方法,对于Linux下面的RPM包,是必须要有的过程。

 

生成单一可执行文件的方法

cx_Freeze默认情况下,是会生成,一个可执行文件,加上一堆运行所需的(.dll或.so等)库文件。

如果想要生成单一的可执行文件:

  • Windows下的exe:使用(方法2的)setup script,且加上参数bdist_msi
  • Mac下的dmg:使用(方法2的)setup script,且加上参数bdist_dmg

 

针对Windows要注意的

Windows下的Python 2.6+,需要Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable Package

cx_Freeze目前策略是,不自动拷贝相关所依赖的dll库文件。

关于其所说的:

C:\WINDOWS\WinSxS\Manifests\x86_Microsoft.VC90.CRT_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_x-ww_d08d0375.manifest

C:\WINDOWS\WinSxS\x86_Microsoft.VC90.CRT_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_x-ww_d08d0375\msvcm90.dll

C:\WINDOWS\WinSxS\x86_Microsoft.VC90.CRT_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_x-ww_d08d0375\msvcp90.dll

C:\WINDOWS\WinSxS\x86_Microsoft.VC90.CRT_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_x-ww_d08d0375\msvcr90.dll

自己此处win7 x64中只找到:

C:\Windows\winsxs\Manifests\x86_microsoft.vc90.crt_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_none_bcb86ed6ac711f91.manifest

C:\Windows\winsxs\x86_microsoft.vc90.crt_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_none_bcb86ed6ac711f91\msvcm90.dll

C:\Windows\winsxs\x86_microsoft.vc90.crt_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_none_bcb86ed6ac711f91\msvcp90.dll

C:\Windows\winsxs\x86_microsoft.vc90.crt_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_none_bcb86ed6ac711f91\msvcr90.dll

不过,应该是一样可以用的。

另外,也看到了,与这些文件对应的,还有些是针对x64的,wow64之类的。

估计是用于发布x64版本的可执行文件时,需要用到。

此处,顺便贴上

C:\Windows\winsxs\Manifests\x86_microsoft.vc90.crt_1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b_9.0.21022.8_none_bcb86ed6ac711f91.manifest

的内容

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<assembly xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1" manifestVersion="1.0">
    <noInheritable></noInheritable>
    <assemblyIdentity type="win32" name="Microsoft.VC90.CRT" version="9.0.21022.8" processorArchitecture="x86" publicKeyToken="1fc8b3b9a1e18e3b"></assemblyIdentity>
    <file name="msvcr90.dll" hashalg="SHA1" hash="e0dcdcbfcb452747da530fae6b000d47c8674671"><asmv2:hash xmlns:asmv2="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v2" xmlns:dsig="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><dsig:Transforms><dsig:Transform Algorithm="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:HashTransforms.Identity"></dsig:Transform></dsig:Transforms><dsig:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1"></dsig:DigestMethod><dsig:DigestValue>KSaO8M0iCtPF6YEr79P1dZsnomY=</dsig:DigestValue></asmv2:hash></file> <file name="msvcp90.dll" hashalg="SHA1" hash="81efe890e4ef2615c0bb4dda7b94bea177c86ebd"><asmv2:hash xmlns:asmv2="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v2" xmlns:dsig="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><dsig:Transforms><dsig:Transform Algorithm="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:HashTransforms.Identity"></dsig:Transform></dsig:Transforms><dsig:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1"></dsig:DigestMethod><dsig:DigestValue>ojDmTgpYMFRKJYkPcM6ckpYkWUU=</dsig:DigestValue></asmv2:hash></file> <file name="msvcm90.dll" hashalg="SHA1" hash="5470081b336abd7b82c6387567a661a729483b04"><asmv2:hash xmlns:asmv2="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v2" xmlns:dsig="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><dsig:Transforms><dsig:Transform Algorithm="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:HashTransforms.Identity"></dsig:Transform></dsig:Transforms><dsig:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1"></dsig:DigestMethod><dsig:DigestValue>tVogb8kezDre2mXShlIqpp8ErIg=</dsig:DigestValue></asmv2:hash></file>
</assembly>

 

cx_Freeze中的distutils setup script的方法去生成可执行文件

1.参考:

distutils setup script

https://bitbucket.org/anthony_tuininga/cx_freeze/src

中的示例代码:

https://bitbucket.org/anthony_tuininga/cx_freeze/src/8913025af703028dfa7cc019c482be920f491dba/samples?at=default

去试试。

创建了一个:

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cs_Freeze\setup.py

内容如下:

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name:        【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件
# Purpose:      https://www.crifan.com/use_cx_freeze_to_package_python_to_single_executable_exe
# Author:       Crifan Li
#
# Created:      06/01/2013
# Copyright:    (c) Crifan Li 2013
# Licence:      www.crifan.com
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

import sys;
from cx_Freeze import setup, Executable;

# Dependencies are automatically detected, but it might need fine tuning.
build_exe_options = {
    "packages"  : ["os"],
    #"includes": ["PIL"],
    "path"      : "D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan\blogModules,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty\chardet,",
    "icon"      : "../../BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.ico",
    
};

# GUI applications require a different base on Windows (the default is for a
# console application).
base = None
if sys.platform == "win32":
    base = "Win32GUI"

setup(  name = "BlogsToWordpress",
        version = "16.8",
        description = u"将百度空间(新版和旧版),网易163,新浪sina,QQ空间,人人网,CSDN,搜狐Sohu,博客大巴Blogbus,天涯博客,点点轻博客等博客搬家到WordPress",
        options = {"build_exe": build_exe_options},
        executables = [Executable("../../BlogsToWordpress/BlogsToWordpress.py", base=base)])

其中:

  • 此处故意没有把所有的模块都加到packages,否则单独一个个拷贝模块,也就累死了。看看脚本能否自动添加进去;

试试运行结果,结果出错:

ImportError: No module named ‘traceback’

详见:

【已解决】Python中通过cx_Freeze去打包exe出错:ImportError: No module named ‘traceback’

果然不够智能和好用啊。。。

2.最后,是如下配置:

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name:        【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件
# Purpose:      https://www.crifan.com/use_cx_freeze_to_package_python_to_single_executable_exe
# Author:       Crifan Li
#
# Created:      06/01/2013
# Copyright:    (c) Crifan Li 2013
# Licence:      www.crifan.com
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# import sys;
# import traceback;
from cx_Freeze import setup, Executable;

# # Dependencies are automatically detected, but it might need fine tuning.
# build_exe_options = {
    # "packages"  : ["os"],
    # "includes" : [
        # "PIL",
        # #"traceback",
    # ],
    # "path"      : "D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan\blogModules,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty\chardet,",
    # "icon"      : "../../BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.ico",
    
# };

# GUI applications require a different base on Windows (the default is for a
# console application).
# base = None;
# if sys.platform == "win32":
    # base = "Win32GUI"

setup(  name = "BlogsToWordpress",
        version = "16.8",
        description = u"将百度空间(新版和旧版),网易163,新浪sina,QQ空间,人人网,CSDN,搜狐Sohu,博客大巴Blogbus,天涯博客,点点轻博客等博客搬家到WordPress",
        #options = {"build_exe": build_exe_options},
        #executables = [Executable("..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py", base=base)])
        executables = [Executable("..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py")])

然后运行正常:

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cx_Freeze>setup.py bdist_msi
running bdist_msi
running build
running build_exe
creating directory build\exe.win-amd64-2.7
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze\bases\Console.exe -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\BlogsToWordpress.exe
copying C:\Windows\system32\python27.dll -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\python27.dll
Stamped: build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\BlogsToWordpress.exe
writing zip file build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\library.zip

  Name                      File
  ----                      ----
m BUILD_CONSTANTS
m StringIO
m UserDict
m __builtin__
m __future__                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\__future__.py
m __main__
m _abcoll
m _bisect
m _codecs
m _codecs_cn
m _codecs_hk
m _codecs_iso2022
m _codecs_jp
m _codecs_kr
m _codecs_tw
m _collections
m _functools
m _hashlib                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
m _heapq
m _locale
m _md5
m _multibytecodec
m _random
m _sha
m _sha256
m _sha512
m _socket                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_socket.pyd
m _sre
m _ssl                      D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
m _strptime                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\_strptime.py
m _struct
m _threading_local          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\_threading_local.py
m _warnings
m _weakref
m _weakrefset
m _winreg
m abc
m array
m atexit                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\atexit.py
m base64
m bdb                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\bdb.py
m binascii
m bisect                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\bisect.py
m blogstowordpress__main__  ..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py
m bz2                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\bz2.pyd
m cPickle
m cStringIO
m calendar                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\calendar.py
m cmd                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\cmd.py
m codecs
m collections               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\collections.py
m copy
m copy_reg
m cx_Freeze__init__         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze\initscripts\Console.py
m datetime
m difflib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\difflib.py
m dis                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\dis.py
m doctest                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\doctest.py
m dummy_thread              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\dummy_thread.py
P email                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\__init__.py
m email._parseaddr          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\_parseaddr.py
m email.base64mime          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\base64mime.py
m email.charset             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\charset.py
m email.encoders            D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\encoders.py
m email.errors              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\errors.py
m email.feedparser          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\feedparser.py
m email.generator           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\generator.py
m email.header              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\header.py
m email.iterators           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\iterators.py
m email.message             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\message.py
P email.mime                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\mime\__init__.py
m email.parser              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\parser.py
m email.quoprimime          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\quoprimime.py
m email.utils               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\utils.py
P encodings
m encodings.aliases
m encodings.ascii
m encodings.base64_codec
m encodings.big5
m encodings.big5hkscs
m encodings.bz2_codec
m encodings.charmap
m encodings.cp037
m encodings.cp1006
m encodings.cp1026
m encodings.cp1140
m encodings.cp1250
m encodings.cp1251
m encodings.cp1252
m encodings.cp1253
m encodings.cp1254
m encodings.cp1255
m encodings.cp1256
m encodings.cp1257
m encodings.cp1258
m encodings.cp424
m encodings.cp437
m encodings.cp500
m encodings.cp720
m encodings.cp737
m encodings.cp775
m encodings.cp850
m encodings.cp852
m encodings.cp855
m encodings.cp856
m encodings.cp857
m encodings.cp858
m encodings.cp860
m encodings.cp861
m encodings.cp862
m encodings.cp863
m encodings.cp864
m encodings.cp865
m encodings.cp866
m encodings.cp869
m encodings.cp874
m encodings.cp875
m encodings.cp932
m encodings.cp949
m encodings.cp950
m encodings.euc_jis_2004
m encodings.euc_jisx0213
m encodings.euc_jp
m encodings.euc_kr
m encodings.gb18030
m encodings.gb2312
m encodings.gbk
m encodings.hex_codec
m encodings.hp_roman8
m encodings.hz
m encodings.idna
m encodings.iso2022_jp
m encodings.iso2022_jp_1
m encodings.iso2022_jp_2
m encodings.iso2022_jp_2004
m encodings.iso2022_jp_3
m encodings.iso2022_jp_ext
m encodings.iso2022_kr
m encodings.iso8859_1
m encodings.iso8859_10
m encodings.iso8859_11
m encodings.iso8859_13
m encodings.iso8859_14
m encodings.iso8859_15
m encodings.iso8859_16
m encodings.iso8859_2
m encodings.iso8859_3
m encodings.iso8859_4
m encodings.iso8859_5
m encodings.iso8859_6
m encodings.iso8859_7
m encodings.iso8859_8
m encodings.iso8859_9
m encodings.johab
m encodings.koi8_r
m encodings.koi8_u
m encodings.latin_1
m encodings.mac_arabic
m encodings.mac_centeuro
m encodings.mac_croatian
m encodings.mac_cyrillic
m encodings.mac_farsi
m encodings.mac_greek
m encodings.mac_iceland
m encodings.mac_latin2
m encodings.mac_roman
m encodings.mac_romanian
m encodings.mac_turkish
m encodings.mbcs
m encodings.palmos
m encodings.ptcp154
m encodings.punycode
m encodings.quopri_codec
m encodings.raw_unicode_escape
m encodings.rot_13
m encodings.shift_jis
m encodings.shift_jis_2004
m encodings.shift_jisx0213
m encodings.string_escape
m encodings.tis_620
m encodings.undefined
m encodings.unicode_escape
m encodings.unicode_internal
m encodings.utf_16
m encodings.utf_16_be
m encodings.utf_16_le
m encodings.utf_32
m encodings.utf_32_be
m encodings.utf_32_le
m encodings.utf_7
m encodings.utf_8
m encodings.utf_8_sig
m encodings.uu_codec
m encodings.zlib_codec
m errno
m exceptions
m fnmatch                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\fnmatch.py
m ftplib                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\ftplib.py
m functools                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\functools.py
m genericpath
m getopt                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\getopt.py
m getpass                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\getpass.py
m gettext                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\gettext.py
m hashlib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\hashlib.py
m heapq                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\heapq.py
m httplib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\httplib.py
m imp
m inspect                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\inspect.py
m itertools
m keyword                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\keyword.py
m linecache
m locale                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\locale.py
P logging                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\logging\__init__.py
m math
m mimetools                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\mimetools.py
m mimetypes                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\mimetypes.py
m msvcrt
m nt
m ntpath
m nturl2path                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\nturl2path.py
m opcode                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\opcode.py
m operator
m optparse                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\optparse.py
m os
m pdb                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\pdb.py
m platform                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\platform.py
m plistlib                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\plistlib.py
m posixpath
m pprint                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\pprint.py
m pyexpat                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
m pywintypes                C:\Windows\system32\pywintypes27.dll
m quopri
m random                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\random.py
m re                        D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\re.py
m repr
m rfc822                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\rfc822.py
m shlex                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\shlex.py
m signal
m socket                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\socket.py
m sre_compile               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_compile.py
m sre_constants             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_constants.py
m sre_parse                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_parse.py
m ssl                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\ssl.py
m stat
m string
m stringprep
m strop
m struct
m sys
m tempfile                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\tempfile.py
m textwrap                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\textwrap.py
m thread
m threading                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\threading.py
m time
m token                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\token.py
m tokenize                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\tokenize.py
m traceback
m types
m unicodedata               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd
P unittest                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\__init__.py
m unittest.case             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\case.py
m unittest.loader           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\loader.py
m unittest.main             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\main.py
m unittest.result           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\result.py
m unittest.runner           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\runner.py
m unittest.signals          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\signals.py
m unittest.suite            D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\suite.py
m unittest.util             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\util.py
m urllib                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\urllib.py
m urlparse                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\urlparse.py
m uu                        D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\uu.py
m warnings
m weakref
m win32api                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32api.pyd
m win32con                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\lib\win32con.py
m win32pipe                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32pipe.pyd
P xml                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\__init__.py
P xml.parsers               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\parsers\__init__.py
m xml.parsers.expat         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\parsers\expat.py
P xml.sax                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\__init__.py
m xml.sax._exceptions       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\_exceptions.py
m xml.sax.expatreader       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\expatreader.py
m xml.sax.handler           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\handler.py
m xml.sax.saxutils          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\saxutils.py
m xml.sax.xmlreader         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\xmlreader.py
m zipimport
m zlib

Missing modules:
? BlogBaidu imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogBlogbus imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogCsdn imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogDiandian imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogNetease imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogQQ imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogRenren imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogSina imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogSohu imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogTianya imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? crifanLib imported from blogstowordpress__main__

copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_hashlib.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_socket.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_socket.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_ssl.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_ssl.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\bz2.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\bz2.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pyexpat.pyd
copying C:\Windows\system32\pywintypes27.dll -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pywintypes27.dll
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\unicodedata.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32api.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32api.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32pipe.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32pipe.pyd
installing to build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
running install_exe
creating build\bdist.win-amd64
creating build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\BlogsToWordpress.exe -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\bz2.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\library.zip -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pyexpat.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\python27.dll -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pywintypes27.dll -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\unicodedata.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32api.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32pipe.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_hashlib.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_socket.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
copying build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_ssl.pyd -> build\bdist.win-amd64\msi
creating dist
removing 'build\bdist.win-amd64\msi' (and everything under it)

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cx_Freeze>setup.py bdist_msi

生成的结果是:

和setup.py同目录下,生成dist和build:

with setup.py gen build and dist

build\exe.win-amd64-2.7下面,生成对应的:

exe文件,相关的一堆库文件和pyd

gen exe win amd64 2.7 and dll

dist下面生成对应的msi文件:

BlogsToWordpress-16.8-amd64.msi

BlogsToWordpress-16.8-amd64 msi file

 

3.此时,才明白,此处,使用

setup.py bdist_msi

是生成的installer,而不是单个的,独立的exe。。。。

接着就是想办法去生成,独立的,单个的,exe可执行文件。

4.先不去弄了。

因为先去试试exe是否可以正常运行,结果果然不能:

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cx_Freeze\build\exe.win-amd64-2.7>BlogsToWordpress.exe
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze\initscripts\Console.py", line 27, in <module>
    exec code in m.__dict__
  File "..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py", line 127, in <module>
ImportError: No module named crifanLib

很明显,缺少对应的库。

所以,还是要先去添加对应的path。

所以改为:

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name:        【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件
# Purpose:      https://www.crifan.com/use_cx_freeze_to_package_python_to_single_executable_exe
# Author:       Crifan Li
#
# Created:      06/01/2013
# Copyright:    (c) Crifan Li 2013
# Licence:      www.crifan.com
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# import sys;
# import traceback;
from cx_Freeze import setup, Executable;

# # Dependencies are automatically detected, but it might need fine tuning.
build_exe_options = {
    # "packages"  : ["os"],
    # "includes" : [
        # "PIL",
        # #"traceback",
    # ],
    "path"      : "D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\crifan\blogModules,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty,D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\BlogsToWordpress\libs\thirdparty\chardet,",
    # "icon"      : "../../BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.ico",
};

# GUI applications require a different base on Windows (the default is for a
# console application).
# base = None;
# if sys.platform == "win32":
    # base = "Win32GUI"

setup(  name = "BlogsToWordpress",
        version = "16.8",
        description = u"将百度空间(新版和旧版),网易163,新浪sina,QQ空间,人人网,CSDN,搜狐Sohu,博客大巴Blogbus,天涯博客,点点轻博客等博客搬家到WordPress",
        options = {"build_exe" : build_exe_options},
        #executables = [Executable("..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py", base=base)])
        executables = [Executable("..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py")])

运行结果是:

结果就出现了,上面的那个:

ImportError: No module named ‘traceback’

错误。

很明显,此处就是setup的options,无法识别所导致的。

5.然后去运行了build:

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cx_Freeze>setup.py build
running build
running build_exe
creating directory build\exe.win-amd64-2.7
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze\bases\Console.exe -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\BlogsToWordpress.exe
copying C:\Windows\system32\python27.dll -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\python27.dll
Stamped: build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\BlogsToWordpress.exe
writing zip file build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\library.zip

  Name                      File
  ----                      ----
m BUILD_CONSTANTS
m StringIO
m UserDict
m __builtin__
m __future__                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\__future__.py
m __main__
m _abcoll
m _bisect
m _codecs
m _codecs_cn
m _codecs_hk
m _codecs_iso2022
m _codecs_jp
m _codecs_kr
m _codecs_tw
m _collections
m _functools
m _hashlib                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd
m _heapq
m _locale
m _md5
m _multibytecodec
m _random
m _sha
m _sha256
m _sha512
m _socket                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_socket.pyd
m _sre
m _ssl                      D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_ssl.pyd
m _strptime                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\_strptime.py
m _struct
m _threading_local          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\_threading_local.py
m _warnings
m _weakref
m _weakrefset
m _winreg
m abc
m array
m atexit                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\atexit.py
m base64
m bdb                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\bdb.py
m binascii
m bisect                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\bisect.py
m blogstowordpress__main__  ..\BlogsToWordpress\BlogsToWordpress.py
m bz2                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\bz2.pyd
m cPickle
m cStringIO
m calendar                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\calendar.py
m cmd                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\cmd.py
m codecs
m collections               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\collections.py
m copy
m copy_reg
m cx_Freeze__init__         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\cx_Freeze\initscripts\Console.py
m datetime
m difflib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\difflib.py
m dis                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\dis.py
m doctest                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\doctest.py
m dummy_thread              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\dummy_thread.py
P email                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\__init__.py
m email._parseaddr          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\_parseaddr.py
m email.base64mime          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\base64mime.py
m email.charset             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\charset.py
m email.encoders            D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\encoders.py
m email.errors              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\errors.py
m email.feedparser          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\feedparser.py
m email.generator           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\generator.py
m email.header              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\header.py
m email.iterators           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\iterators.py
m email.message             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\message.py
P email.mime                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\mime\__init__.py
m email.parser              D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\parser.py
m email.quoprimime          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\quoprimime.py
m email.utils               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\email\utils.py
P encodings
m encodings.aliases
m encodings.ascii
m encodings.base64_codec
m encodings.big5
m encodings.big5hkscs
m encodings.bz2_codec
m encodings.charmap
m encodings.cp037
m encodings.cp1006
m encodings.cp1026
m encodings.cp1140
m encodings.cp1250
m encodings.cp1251
m encodings.cp1252
m encodings.cp1253
m encodings.cp1254
m encodings.cp1255
m encodings.cp1256
m encodings.cp1257
m encodings.cp1258
m encodings.cp424
m encodings.cp437
m encodings.cp500
m encodings.cp720
m encodings.cp737
m encodings.cp775
m encodings.cp850
m encodings.cp852
m encodings.cp855
m encodings.cp856
m encodings.cp857
m encodings.cp858
m encodings.cp860
m encodings.cp861
m encodings.cp862
m encodings.cp863
m encodings.cp864
m encodings.cp865
m encodings.cp866
m encodings.cp869
m encodings.cp874
m encodings.cp875
m encodings.cp932
m encodings.cp949
m encodings.cp950
m encodings.euc_jis_2004
m encodings.euc_jisx0213
m encodings.euc_jp
m encodings.euc_kr
m encodings.gb18030
m encodings.gb2312
m encodings.gbk
m encodings.hex_codec
m encodings.hp_roman8
m encodings.hz
m encodings.idna
m encodings.iso2022_jp
m encodings.iso2022_jp_1
m encodings.iso2022_jp_2
m encodings.iso2022_jp_2004
m encodings.iso2022_jp_3
m encodings.iso2022_jp_ext
m encodings.iso2022_kr
m encodings.iso8859_1
m encodings.iso8859_10
m encodings.iso8859_11
m encodings.iso8859_13
m encodings.iso8859_14
m encodings.iso8859_15
m encodings.iso8859_16
m encodings.iso8859_2
m encodings.iso8859_3
m encodings.iso8859_4
m encodings.iso8859_5
m encodings.iso8859_6
m encodings.iso8859_7
m encodings.iso8859_8
m encodings.iso8859_9
m encodings.johab
m encodings.koi8_r
m encodings.koi8_u
m encodings.latin_1
m encodings.mac_arabic
m encodings.mac_centeuro
m encodings.mac_croatian
m encodings.mac_cyrillic
m encodings.mac_farsi
m encodings.mac_greek
m encodings.mac_iceland
m encodings.mac_latin2
m encodings.mac_roman
m encodings.mac_romanian
m encodings.mac_turkish
m encodings.mbcs
m encodings.palmos
m encodings.ptcp154
m encodings.punycode
m encodings.quopri_codec
m encodings.raw_unicode_escape
m encodings.rot_13
m encodings.shift_jis
m encodings.shift_jis_2004
m encodings.shift_jisx0213
m encodings.string_escape
m encodings.tis_620
m encodings.undefined
m encodings.unicode_escape
m encodings.unicode_internal
m encodings.utf_16
m encodings.utf_16_be
m encodings.utf_16_le
m encodings.utf_32
m encodings.utf_32_be
m encodings.utf_32_le
m encodings.utf_7
m encodings.utf_8
m encodings.utf_8_sig
m encodings.uu_codec
m encodings.zlib_codec
m errno
m exceptions
m fnmatch                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\fnmatch.py
m ftplib                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\ftplib.py
m functools                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\functools.py
m genericpath
m getopt                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\getopt.py
m getpass                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\getpass.py
m gettext                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\gettext.py
m hashlib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\hashlib.py
m heapq                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\heapq.py
m httplib                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\httplib.py
m imp
m inspect                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\inspect.py
m itertools
m keyword                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\keyword.py
m linecache
m locale                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\locale.py
P logging                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\logging\__init__.py
m math
m mimetools                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\mimetools.py
m mimetypes                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\mimetypes.py
m msvcrt
m nt
m ntpath
m nturl2path                D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\nturl2path.py
m opcode                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\opcode.py
m operator
m optparse                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\optparse.py
m os
m pdb                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\pdb.py
m platform                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\platform.py
m plistlib                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\plistlib.py
m posixpath
m pprint                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\pprint.py
m pyexpat                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd
m pywintypes                C:\Windows\system32\pywintypes27.dll
m quopri
m random                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\random.py
m re                        D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\re.py
m repr
m rfc822                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\rfc822.py
m shlex                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\shlex.py
m signal
m socket                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\socket.py
m sre_compile               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_compile.py
m sre_constants             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_constants.py
m sre_parse                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\sre_parse.py
m ssl                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\ssl.py
m stat
m string
m stringprep
m strop
m struct
m sys
m tempfile                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\tempfile.py
m textwrap                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\textwrap.py
m thread
m threading                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\threading.py
m time
m token                     D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\token.py
m tokenize                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\tokenize.py
m traceback
m types
m unicodedata               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd
P unittest                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\__init__.py
m unittest.case             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\case.py
m unittest.loader           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\loader.py
m unittest.main             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\main.py
m unittest.result           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\result.py
m unittest.runner           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\runner.py
m unittest.signals          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\signals.py
m unittest.suite            D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\suite.py
m unittest.util             D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\unittest\util.py
m urllib                    D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\urllib.py
m urlparse                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\urlparse.py
m uu                        D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\uu.py
m warnings
m weakref
m win32api                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32api.pyd
m win32con                  D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\lib\win32con.py
m win32pipe                 D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32pipe.pyd
P xml                       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\__init__.py
P xml.parsers               D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\parsers\__init__.py
m xml.parsers.expat         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\parsers\expat.py
P xml.sax                   D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\__init__.py
m xml.sax._exceptions       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\_exceptions.py
m xml.sax.expatreader       D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\expatreader.py
m xml.sax.handler           D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\handler.py
m xml.sax.saxutils          D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\saxutils.py
m xml.sax.xmlreader         D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\xml\sax\xmlreader.py
m zipimport
m zlib

Missing modules:
? BlogBaidu imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogBlogbus imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogCsdn imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogDiandian imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogNetease imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogQQ imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogRenren imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogSina imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogSohu imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? BlogTianya imported from blogstowordpress__main__
? crifanLib imported from blogstowordpress__main__

copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_hashlib.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_socket.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_socket.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\_ssl.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\_ssl.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\bz2.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\bz2.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pyexpat.pyd
copying C:\Windows\system32\pywintypes27.dll -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\pywintypes27.dll
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\unicodedata.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32api.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32api.pyd
copying D:\tmp\dev_install_root\Python27_x64\lib\site-packages\win32\win32pipe.pyd -> build\exe.win-amd64-2.7\win32pipe.pyd

D:\tmp\tmp_dev_root\python\tutorial_summary\make_exe\cx_Freeze>

然后发现了,对应的会生成

exe.win-amd64-2.7

极其下所有文件,即exe相关的所有文件。

6.因此也就很明显了:

setup.py bdist_msi

是在

setup.py build

的基础上,将其生成的exe和对应的库文件等内容,集成为对应的msi的installer。

7.但是,弄到现在为止,还是没有看到,有任何选项,是可以生成,独立的,单一的exe的。

且不说,即使生成exe加上库文件,也还是需要:

手动添加path便于搜索所依赖的库

仍需手动,一个个添加对应的库的名字。

8.所以,至此,虽然上述问题,可以花时间解决,但是都还是无法最终生成单一的exe,所以,直接放弃此cx_Freeze了。

和PyInstaller相比,可以叫做,极度的,不好用。

其唯一的相对的优势就是,支持Python 3.x。

 

总结

cx_Freeze,可以生成:

  • exe文件 + 运行时所依赖的其他多个(dll库等)文件
    • 但不是单一的,独立的,exe可执行文件
  • 单独的msi安装文件包
    • 比如:BlogsToWordpress-16.8-amd64.msi

和PyInstaller相比:

  • 缺点
    • 需要手动自己输入,所依赖的库的名字,而无法自动识别
      • 像我这里的项目,单是依赖的库,就N多个,如果需要手动输入,累都累屎了
    • 还需要添加对应的path,供其搜索依赖的库
      • 此处会出错解决上述的错误:ImportError: No module named ‘traceback’,目前懒得去解决了。
  • 优点
    • 支持Python 3.x

 

结论

如果是想要生成:

  • 单个的,独立的exe可执行文件
  • 或者
  • exe + 相关的dll库

等,都可以使用,极其方便好用的PyInstaller;

用法可参考:

【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件

 

如果是想要生成:

  • msi安装文件
  • 或者
  • 必须用到Python 3.x版本

那么再去用,相对来说非常不好用的,cx_Freeze。

转载请注明:在路上 » 【记录】用cx_Freeze把Python代码打包成单个独立的exe可执行文件

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网友最新评论 (5)

  1. 看到标题以为是教程,一字不剩的看完之后竟然是无法完成。无法完成你啰嗦个毛?浪费时间
    啰嗦哥4年前 (2015-09-27)回复
    • 同意 废话一堆
      llc3年前 (2016-03-24)回复
  2. 真是会磨叽,像个女人一样。整篇文章文不对题。直接在第一行写上cx_freeze不可以生成单独的exe文件即可,搞个错误的标题磨叽半天,浪费时间。
    aaa6年前 (2013-10-31)回复
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