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【已解决】Mac中安装并试用Fabric

Mac crifan 269浏览 0评论
折腾:
【未解决】使用Fabric把代码从Mac本地部署到CentOS服务器
期间,需要先去Mac本地安装Fabric去试试。
mac 安装 fabric
Mac环境安装Hyperledger Fabric – 简书
Fabric篇——Mac下Hyperledger Fabric(超级账本)环境搭建 – 简书
mac 安装 hyperledger fabric开发环境 – CSDN博客
hyperledger fabric本地开发环境mac部署 – 黑神领主的个人空间 – 开源中国
都太复杂
在服务器上安装fabric远程部署项目
http://rovervan.com/post/server/fabric-install
pip去安装
➜  ~ which pip
pip: aliased to noglob pip
➜  ~ pip --version
pip 10.0.1 from /Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/pip (python 2.7)
➜  ~ pip install fabric
Collecting fabric
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/83/a1/87f8cdaf1827fa8bdcbdc34ff9b8c3a094e582ead729e687a4b49977917e/fabric-2.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
 (48kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 51kB 109kB/s
Collecting cryptography>=1.1 (from fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/5d/b1/9863611b121ee524135bc0068533e6d238cc837337170e722224fe940e2d/cryptography-2.3.1-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
 (1.5MB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 1.5MB 14kB/s
Collecting paramiko>=2.4 (from fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/3e/db/cb7b6656e0e7387637ce850689084dc0b94b44df31cc52e5fc5c2c4fd2c1/paramiko-2.4.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
 (194kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 194kB 27kB/s
Collecting invoke<2.0,>=1.1 (from fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/d8/ae/a9fbb8544bfe2617d175a2fc37400da849240fdb5691bcbd36d7171389da/invoke-1.1.1-py2-none-any.whl
 (159kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 163kB 11kB/s
Requirement already satisfied: six>=1.4.1 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric) (1.4.1)
Collecting cffi!=1.11.3,>=1.7 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/7e/4a/b647e46faaa2dcfb16069b6aad2d8509982fd63710a325b8ad7db80f18be/cffi-1.11.5-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
 (238kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 245kB 20kB/s
Requirement already satisfied: enum34; python_version < "3" in ./Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric) (1.1.6)
Collecting idna>=2.1 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/4b/2a/0276479a4b3caeb8a8c1af2f8e4355746a97fab05a372e4a2c6a6b876165/idna-2.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting asn1crypto>=0.21.0 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/ea/cd/35485615f45f30a510576f1a56d1e0a7ad7bd8ab5ed7cdc600ef7cd06222/asn1crypto-0.24.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting ipaddress; python_version < "3" (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/fc/d0/7fc3a811e011d4b388be48a0e381db8d990042df54aa4ef4599a31d39853/ipaddress-1.0.22-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting pyasn1>=0.1.7 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/d1/a1/7790cc85db38daa874f6a2e6308131b9953feb1367f2ae2d1123bb93a9f5/pyasn1-0.4.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl
 (72kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 81kB 13kB/s
Collecting bcrypt>=3.1.3 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/a1/9c/c89411a505dca5ae822a28c6de6946583ff8a1d5d9190292f301d28dcf85/bcrypt-3.1.4-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
 (51kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 61kB 19kB/s
Collecting pynacl>=1.0.1 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Downloading 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/7b/b2/8588fb7665c8b4f6b46921ead952dcd28ec15ed66d686b4ae69d6f0aed3c/PyNaCl-1.2.1-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
 (243kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 245kB 40kB/s
Collecting pycparser (from cffi!=1.11.3,>=1.7->cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
pipenv 11.10.0 requires certifi, which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires requests[security], which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires virtualenv, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires nose, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires tornado, which is not installed.
Installing collected packages: pycparser, cffi, idna, asn1crypto, ipaddress, cryptography, pyasn1, bcrypt, pynacl, paramiko, invoke, fabric
Could not install packages due to an EnvironmentError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pycparser-2.18.dist-info'
Consider using the `--user` option or check the permissions.

You are using pip version 10.0.1, however version 18.0 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.
➜  ~ pip install --upgrade pip
Collecting pip
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/5f/25/e52d3f31441505a5f3af41213346e5b6c221c9e086a166f3703d2ddaf940/pip-18.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
pipenv 11.10.0 requires certifi, which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires requests[security], which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires virtualenv, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires nose, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires tornado, which is not installed.
Installing collected packages: pip
  Found existing installation: pip 10.0.1
    Uninstalling pip-10.0.1:
      Successfully uninstalled pip-10.0.1
  Rolling back uninstall of pip
Could not install packages due to an EnvironmentError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip'
Consider using the `--user` option or check the permissions.

You are using pip version 10.0.1, however version 18.0 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.
➜  ~ pip install fabric --user
Collecting fabric
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/83/a1/87f8cdaf1827fa8bdcbdc34ff9b8c3a094e582ead729e687a4b49977917e/fabric-2.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting cryptography>=1.1 (from fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/5d/b1/9863611b121ee524135bc0068533e6d238cc837337170e722224fe940e2d/cryptography-2.3.1-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
Collecting paramiko>=2.4 (from fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/3e/db/cb7b6656e0e7387637ce850689084dc0b94b44df31cc52e5fc5c2c4fd2c1/paramiko-2.4.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting invoke<2.0,>=1.1 (from fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/d8/ae/a9fbb8544bfe2617d175a2fc37400da849240fdb5691bcbd36d7171389da/invoke-1.1.1-py2-none-any.whl
Requirement already satisfied: six>=1.4.1 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric) (1.4.1)
Collecting cffi!=1.11.3,>=1.7 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/7e/4a/b647e46faaa2dcfb16069b6aad2d8509982fd63710a325b8ad7db80f18be/cffi-1.11.5-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
Requirement already satisfied: enum34; python_version < "3" in ./Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric) (1.1.6)
Collecting idna>=2.1 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/4b/2a/0276479a4b3caeb8a8c1af2f8e4355746a97fab05a372e4a2c6a6b876165/idna-2.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting asn1crypto>=0.21.0 (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/ea/cd/35485615f45f30a510576f1a56d1e0a7ad7bd8ab5ed7cdc600ef7cd06222/asn1crypto-0.24.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting ipaddress; python_version < "3" (from cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/fc/d0/7fc3a811e011d4b388be48a0e381db8d990042df54aa4ef4599a31d39853/ipaddress-1.0.22-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting pyasn1>=0.1.7 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/d1/a1/7790cc85db38daa874f6a2e6308131b9953feb1367f2ae2d1123bb93a9f5/pyasn1-0.4.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting bcrypt>=3.1.3 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/a1/9c/c89411a505dca5ae822a28c6de6946583ff8a1d5d9190292f301d28dcf85/bcrypt-3.1.4-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
Collecting pynacl>=1.0.1 (from paramiko>=2.4->fabric)
  Using cached 
https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/7b/b2/8588fb7665c8b4f6b46921ead952dcd28ec15ed66d686b4ae69d6f0aed3c/PyNaCl-1.2.1-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl
Collecting pycparser (from cffi!=1.11.3,>=1.7->cryptography>=1.1->fabric)
pipenv 11.10.0 requires certifi, which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires requests[security], which is not installed.
pipenv 11.10.0 requires virtualenv, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires nose, which is not installed.
matplotlib 1.3.1 requires tornado, which is not installed.
Installing collected packages: pycparser, cffi, idna, asn1crypto, ipaddress, cryptography, pyasn1, bcrypt, pynacl, paramiko, invoke, fabric
Successfully installed asn1crypto-0.24.0 bcrypt-3.1.4 cffi-1.11.5 cryptography-2.3.1 fabric-2.3.1 idna-2.7 invoke-1.1.1 ipaddress-1.0.22 paramiko-2.4.1 pyasn1-0.4.4 pycparser-2.18 pynacl-1.2.1
You are using pip version 10.0.1, however version 18.0 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.
➜  ~ which fab
/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/bin/fab
➜  ~ fab --version
Fabric 2.3.1
Paramiko 2.4.1
Invoke 1.1.1
➜  ~
然后去试试效果,结果出错:
【已解决】Mac中运行fab hello出错:No idea what ‘hello’ is!
然后继续试用和研究:
from invoke import task
from fabric import Connection


@task
def hello(c):
    print("Hello fabric!")
    c.run("echo '--- pip show fabric ---'")
    # c.run("pip show fabric")
    c.run("pwd")
    c.run("ls -lha")
    # c.run("echo '--- fab --verion ---'")
    # c.run("fab --verion")
    # c.run("fab -V")
    # c.run("/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/bin/fab --verion")

@task
def remote(curContext):
    remoteConn = Connection(host='47.x.x.x', user='
username
')
    remoteConn.run("pwd")
    result = remoteConn.run('uname -s')
    print(result)
    print("result.exited=%s" % (result.exited))
    print("
result.command=%s
" % (
result.command
))
    print("result.connection=%s" % (result.connection))
    print("result.connection.host=%s" % (result.connection.host))
输出:
➜  ~ fab remote
/root
Linux
Command exited with status 0.
=== stdout ===
Linux

(no stderr)
result.exited=0
result.command=uname
 -s
result.connection=<Connection host=47.x.x.x user=
username
>
result.connection.host=47.x.x.x
试试capture,结果无法识别
capturedPwdResult = c.run("pwd", capture=True)
print("capturedPwdResult=%s", capturedPwdResult)
输出:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/bin/fab", line 11, in <module>
    sys.exit(program.run())
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/program.py", line 335, in run
    self.execute()
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/program.py", line 491, in execute
    executor.execute(*self.tasks)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/executor.py", line 129, in execute
    result = call.task(*args, **call.kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/tasks.py", line 128, in __call__
    result = self.body(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/fabfile.py", line 18, in hello
    capturedPwdResult = c.run("pwd", capture=True)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/context.py", line 94, in run
    return self._run(runner, command, **kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/context.py", line 101, in _run
    return runner.run(command, **kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/runners.py", line 271, in run
    return self._run_body(command, **kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/runners.py", line 277, in _run_body
    opts, out_stream, err_stream, in_stream = self._run_opts(kwargs)
  File "/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/invoke/runners.py", line 423, in _run_opts
    raise TypeError(err.format(list(kwargs.keys())[0]))
TypeError: run() got an unexpected keyword argument 'capture'
所以还是参考最新版2.3的文档吧:
其他测试结果:
from invoke import task
from fabric import Connection

def seperatorLine(seperatorChar='-', count=80):
    print(seperatorChar * count)

@task
def hello(c):
    print("Hello fabric!")
    seperatorLine()
    c.run("echo 'Now will ouput: pip show fabric'")
    c.run("pip show fabric")
    seperatorLine()
    c.run("echo $PATH")
    seperatorLine()
    c.run("uname -a")
    seperatorLine()
    capturedPwdResult = c.run("pwd", capture=True)
    print("capturedPwdResult=%s", capturedPwdResult)
    seperatorLine()
    # c.run("which fab")
    # c.run("ls -lha")
    # c.run("echo '--- fab --verion ---'")
    # c.run("fab --verion")
    # c.run("fab -V")
    # c.run("/Users/crifan/Library/Python/2.7/bin/fab --verion")

@task
def remote(curContext):
    print("curContext=%s", curContext)
    seperatorLine()
    # remoteConn = Connection(host='47.x.x.x', user='username')
    remoteConn = Connection('
username
@47.x.x.x:22')
    # remoteConn.run("pwd")
    capturedPwdResult = remoteConn.run("pwd")
    print("capturedPwdResult=%s" % capturedPwdResult)
    seperatorLine()
    result = remoteConn.run('uname -s')
    print(result)
    seperatorLine()
    print("result.connection=%s" % (result.connection))
    print("result.connection.host=%s" % (result.connection.host))
    seperatorLine()
    print("result.stdout=%s" % (result.stdout))
    print("result.stderr=%s" % (result.stderr))
    print("result.encoding=%s" % (result.encoding))
    print("
result.command=%s
" % (
result.command
))
    print("result.shell=%s" % (result.shell))
    print("result.env=%s" % (result.env))
    print("result.exited=%s" % (result.exited))
    print("result.return_code=%s" % (result.return_code))
    print("result.pty=%s" % (result.pty))
    # print("result.hide=%s" % (result.hide))
    print("result.ok=%s" % (result.ok))
    print("result.__weakref__=%s" % (result.__weakref__))
    print("result.failed=%s" % (result.failed))
输出:
➜  ~ fab remote
('curContext=%s', <Context: <Config: {'tasks': {'search_root': None, 'collection_name': 'fabfile', 'dedupe': True, 'auto_dash_names': True}, 'run': {'shell': '/bin/bash', 'hide': None, 'pty': False, 'encoding': None, 'in_stream': None, 'replace_env': True, 'echo': False, 'warn': False, 'echo_stdin': None, 'watchers': [], 'env': {}, 'out_stream': None, 'err_stream': None, 'fallback': True}, 'timeouts': {'connect': None}, 'sudo': {'password': None, 'prompt': '[sudo] password: ', 'user': None}, 'inline_ssh_env': False, 'port': 22, 'load_ssh_configs': True, 'user': 'crifan', 'ssh_config_path': None, 'connect_kwargs': {}, 'forward_agent': False, 'gateway': None, 'runners': {'remote': <class 'fabric.runners.Remote'>, 'local': <class 'invoke.runners.Local'>}}>>)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/root
capturedPwdResult=Command exited with status 0.
=== stdout ===
/root

(no stderr)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Linux
Command exited with status 0.
=== stdout ===
Linux

(no stderr)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
result.connection=<Connection host=47.x.x.x user=
username
>
result.connection.host=47.x.x.x
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
result.stdout=Linux

result.stderr=
result.encoding=UTF-8
result.command=uname
 -s
result.shell=/bin/bash
result.env={}
result.exited=0
result.return_code=0
result.pty=False
result.ok=True
result.__weakref__=None
result.failed=False
Getting started — Fabric documentation
【已解决】Fabric的三个版本fabric1、fabric2和fabric3的区别
【总结】
详见:
【整理Book】项目代码部署工具:Fabric

转载请注明:在路上 » 【已解决】Mac中安装并试用Fabric

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