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linux tar use example

工作和技术 crifan 598浏览 0评论

some example:

//create verbose file
tar cvf filesname.tar      

tar cvfz filesname.tar.gz  

// create verbose tar file (only tar ,not compress with ‘z’)
tar cvf filesname.tar source_dir

// create verbose gzip file (tar and compress with ‘z’)
tar cvzf filesname.tar.gz source_dir

// list verbose file
tar tvf filesname.tar

//extract verbose file
tar xvf filesname.tar

Linux / Unix Command: tar

NAME

tar – The GNU version of the tar archiving utility

SYNOPSIS

tar [ ] A –catenate –concatenate | c –create | d –diff –compare | r –append | t –list | u –update | x -extract –get [ –atime-preserve ] [ -b, –block-size N ] [ -B, –read-full-blocks ] [ -C, –directory DIR ] [ –checkpoint ]
[ -f, –file [HOSTNAME:]F ] [ –force-local ]
[ -F, –info-script F –new-volume-script F ] [ -G, –incremental ] [ -g, –listed-incremental F ] [ -h, –dereference ] [ -i, –ignore-zeros ] [ -j, -I, –bzip ] [ –ignore-failed-read ] [ -k, –keep-old-files ] [ -K, –starting-file F ] [ -l, –one-file-system ] [ -L, –tape-length N ] [ -m, –modification-time ] [ -M, –multi-volume ] [ -N, –after-date DATE, –newer DATE ] [ -o, –old-archive, –portability ] [ -O, –to-stdout ] [ -p, –same-permissions, –preserve-permissions ] [ -P, –absolute-paths ] [ –preserve ]
[ -R, –record-number ] [ –remove-files ] [ -s, –same-order, –preserve-order ] [ –same-owner ] [ -S, –sparse ] [ -T, –files-from=F ] [ –null ]
[ –totals ]
[ -v, –verbose ] [ -V, –label NAME ] [ –version ]
[ -w, –interactive, –confirmation ] [ -W, –verify ]
[ –exclude FILE ] [ -X, –exclude-from FILE ] [ -Z, –compress, –uncompress ] [ -z, –gzip, –ungzip ]
[ –use-compress-program PROG ] [ –block-compress ] [ -[0-7][lmh] ]

filename1 [ filename2, … filenameN ]
directory1 [ directory2, …directoryN ]

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents the GNU version of tar , an archiving program designed to store and extract files from an archive file known as a tarfile. A tarfile may be made on a tape drive, however, it is also common to write a tarfile to a normal file. The first argument to tar must be one of the options: Acdrtux, followed by any optional functions. The final arguments to tar are the names of the files or directories which should be archived. The use of a directory name always implies that the subdirectories below should be included in the archive.

FUNCTION LETTERS

One of the following options must be used:
-A, –catenate, –concatenate
append tar files to an archive
-c, –create
create a new archive
-d, –diff, –compare
find differences between archive and file system
–delete
delete from the archive (not for use on mag tapes!)
-r, –append
append files to the end of an archive
-t, –list
list the contents of an archive
-u, –update
only append files that are newer than copy in archive
-x, –extract, –get
extract files from an archive

OTHER OPTIONS

–atime-preserve
don’t change access times on dumped files
-b, –block-size N
block size of Nx512 bytes (default N=20)
-B, –read-full-blocks
reblock as we read (for reading 4.2BSD pipes)
-C, –directory DIR
change to directory DIR
–checkpoint
print directory names while reading the archive
-f, –file [HOSTNAME:]F
use archive file or device F (default /dev/rmt0)
–force-local
archive file is local even if has a colon
-F, –info-script F –new-volume-script F
run script at end of each tape (implies -M)
-G, –incremental
create/list/extract old GNU-format incremental backup
-g, –listed-incremental F
create/list/extract new GNU-format incremental backup
-h, –dereference
don’t dump symlinks; dump the files they point to
-i, –ignore-zeros
ignore blocks of zeros in archive (normally mean EOF)
-j, -I, –bzip
filter the archive through bzip2. Note: -I is deprecated and may get a different meaning in the near future.
–ignore-failed-read
don’t exit with non-zero status on unreadable files
-k, –keep-old-files
keep existing files; don’t overwrite them from archive
-K, –starting-file F
begin at file F in the archive
-l, –one-file-system
stay in local file system when creating an archive
-L, –tape-length N
change tapes after writing N*1024 bytes
-m, –modification-time
don’t extract file modified time
-M, –multi-volume
create/list/extract multi-volume archive
-N, –after-date DATE, –newer DATE
only store files newer than DATE
-o, –old-archive, –portability
write a V7 format archive, rather than ANSI format
-O, –to-stdout
extract files to standard output
-p, –same-permissions, –preserve-permissions
extract all protection information
-P, –absolute-paths
don’t strip leading `/’s from file names
–preserve
like -p -s
-R, –record-number
show record number within archive with each message
–remove-files
remove files after adding them to the archive
-s, –same-order, –preserve-order
list of names to extract is sorted to match archive
–same-owner
create extracted files with the same ownership
-S, –sparse
handle sparse files efficiently
-T, –files-from=F
get names to extract or create from file F
–null
-T reads null-terminated names, disable -C
–totals
print total bytes written with –create
-v, –verbose
verbosely list files processed
-V, –label NAME
create archive with volume name NAME
–version
print tar program version number
-w, –interactive, –confirmation
ask for confirmation for every action
-W, –verify
attempt to verify the archive after writing it
–exclude FILE
exclude file FILE
-X, –exclude-from FILE
exclude files listed in FILE
-Z, –compress, –uncompress
filter the archive through compress
-z, –gzip, –ungzip
filter the archive through gzip
–use-compress-program PROG
filter the archive through PROG (which must accept -d)

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