mii-tool – view, manipulate media-independent interface status
mii-tool [-v, –verbose] [-V, –version] [-R, –reset] [-r, –restart]
[-w, –watch] [-l, –log] [-A, –advertise=media,…] [-F,
–force=media] [interface …]
This utility checks or sets the status of a network interface’s Media
Independent Interface (MII) unit. Most fast ethernet adapters use an
MII to autonegotiate link speed and duplex setting.
Most intelligent network devices use an autonegotiation protocol to
communicate what media technologies they support, and then select the
fastest mutually supported media technology. The -A or –advertise
options can be used to tell the MII to only advertise a subset of its
capabilities. Some passive devices, such as single-speed hubs, are
unable to autonegotiate. To handle such devices, the MII protocol also
allows for establishing a link by simply detecting either a 10baseT or
100baseT link beat. The -F or –force options can be used to force the
MII to operate in one mode, instead of autonegotiating. The -A and -F
options are mutually exclusive.
The default short output reports the negotiated link speed and link
status for each interface. If an interface or interfaces are not spec‐
ified on the command line, then mii-tool will check any available
interfaces from eth0 through eth7.
Display more detailed MII status information. If used twice,
also display raw MII register contents.
Display program version information.
Reset the MII to its default configuration.
Watch interface(s) and report changes in link status. The MII
interfaces are polled at one second intervals.
Used with -w, records link status changes in the system log
instead of printing on standard output.
-F media, –force=media
Disable autonegotiation, and force the MII to either 100baseTx-
FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, or 10baseT-HD operation.
-A media,…, –advertise=media,…
Enable and restart autonegotiation, and advertise only the spec‐
ified media technologies. Multiple technologies should be sepa‐
rated by commas. Valid media are 100baseT4, 100baseTx-FD,
100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, and 10baseT-HD.
SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Invalid argument
If the interface is not running (up), kernel will refuse to
report its link state.
SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Operation not permitted
Most kernels restrict access to root.
SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: No such device
This error is shown, if the kernel does not know about the named
SIOCGMIIPHY on ‘eth?’ failed: Operation not supported
The interface in question does not support MII queries. Most
likely, it does not have MII transceivers, at all.
David Hinds – firstname.lastname@example.org
Donald Becker – email@example.com
Bernd Eckenfels – firstname.lastname@example.org
net-tools 2004/03/28 23:30:00 MII-TOOL(8)