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【已解决】Python中给某邮箱发送邮件

Python crifan 946浏览 0评论

想要用python给某个邮箱,发送邮件。

python send email

18.1.11. email: Examples — Python 2.7.14 documentation

Using Python to Send Email

结果:

smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(‘localhost’)

直接就异常了:

    smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(‘localhost’)

  File “/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/smtplib.py”, line 256, in __init__

    (code, msg) = self.connect(host, port)

  File “/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/smtplib.py”, line 316, in connect

    self.sock = self._get_socket(host, port, self.timeout)

  File “/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/smtplib.py”, line 291, in _get_socket

    return socket.create_connection((host, port), timeout)

  File “/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/socket.py”, line 575, in create_connection

    raise err

socket.error: [Errno 61] Connection refused

很明显,此处没有安装对应邮件服务器。

所以要去参考:

Using Python to Send Email

去找此处163邮箱的smtp地址

python 163 smtp

Python使用SMTP发送邮件(163,yeah等网易邮箱已测试可以) – CSDN博客

Python通过网易的SMTP发送邮件 – Python XYZ数据驿站

python配置163邮箱发送邮件_百度经验

SMTP发送邮件 – 廖雪峰的官方网站

调试期间,密码错误时去登录会出错:

    smtpObj.login(sender, senderPassword)

  File “/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/smtplib.py”, line 622, in login

    raise SMTPAuthenticationError(code, resp)

smtplib.SMTPAuthenticationError: (535, ‘Error: authentication failed’)

然后用代码:

def sendNotifMail(gCfg, notifType, productName=””, notifContent=””):

    “””

    send email notification to user

    :param notifType:

    :param notifContent:

    :return:

    “””

    logging.debug(“notifType=%s, productName=%s, notifContent=%s”, notifType, productName, notifContent)

    sender = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“email”]

    senderPassword = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“password”]

    senderName = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“username”]

    receiver = gCfg[“notification”][“receiver”][“email”]

    receiverName = gCfg[“notification”][“receiver”][“username”]

    receivers = [receiver]

    # receiversName = [receiverName]

    title = “[%s] %s” % (notifType, productName)

    senderNameAddr = “%s <%s>” % (senderName, sender)

    receiverNameAddr = “%s <%s>” % (receiverName, receiver)

    # message = “””From: %s <%s>

    # To: %s <%s>

    # Subject: %s

    #

    # %s

    # “”” % (senderName, sender, receiverName, receiver, title, body)

    def _format_addr(nameAndAddress):

        “””

        format email address

        :param nameAndAddress: email name and address

        :return:

        “””

        name, addr = parseaddr(nameAndAddress)

        return formataddr(( \

            Header(name, ‘utf-8’).encode(), \

            addr.encode(‘utf-8’) if isinstance(addr, unicode) else addr))

    msg = MIMEText(notifContent, _subtype=”plain”, _charset=”utf-8″)

    msg[“From”] = _format_addr(senderNameAddr)

    msg[“To”] = _format_addr(receiverNameAddr)

    titleHeader = Header(title, “utf-8”)

    encodedTitleHeader = titleHeader.encode()

    msg[‘Subject’] = encodedTitleHeader

    msgStr = msg.as_string()

    smtpServer = “smtp.163.com”

    smtpPort = 25

    # try:

    # smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(‘localhost’)

    smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(smtpServer, smtpPort)

    smtpObj.set_debuglevel(1)

    smtpObj.login(sender, senderPassword)

    smtpObj.sendmail(sender, receivers, msgStr)

    logging.info(“Successfully sent email: message=%s”, msgStr)

    # except smtplib.SMTPException:

    #     logging.error(“Fail to sent email: message=%s”, message)

    return

输出log:

send: ‘ehlo licrifandeMacBook-Pro.local\r\n’

reply: ‘250-mail\r\n’

reply: ‘250-PIPELINING\r\n’

reply: ‘250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN\r\n’

reply: ‘250-AUTH=LOGIN PLAIN\r\n’

reply: ‘250-coremail 1Uxr2xKj7kG0xkI17xGrU7I0s8FY2U3Uj8Cz28x1UUUUU7Ic2I0Y2UrSxCK9UCa0xDrUUUUj\r\n’

reply: ‘250-STARTTLS\r\n’

reply: ‘250 8BITMIME\r\n’

reply: retcode (250); Msg: mail

PIPELINING

AUTH LOGIN PLAIN

AUTH=LOGIN PLAIN

coremail 1Uxr2xKj7kG0xkI17xGrU7I0s8FY2U3Uj8Cz28x1UUUUU7Ic2I0Y2UrSxCK9UCa0xDrUUUUj

STARTTLS

8BITMIME

send: ‘AUTH PLAIN AGNyaWZhbjIwMDNAMTYzLmNvbQAqMWxpbWFvbGluMSo=\r\n’

reply: ‘235 Authentication successful\r\n’

reply: retcode (235); Msg: Authentication successful

send: u’mail FROM:<crifan2003@163.com>\r\n’

reply: ‘250 Mail OK\r\n’

reply: retcode (250); Msg: Mail OK

send: u’rcpt TO:<green-waste@163.com>\r\n’

reply: ‘250 Mail OK\r\n’

reply: retcode (250); Msg: Mail OK

send: ‘data\r\n’

reply: ‘354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>\r\n’

reply: retcode (354); Msg: End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>

data: (354, ‘End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>’)

send: ‘Content-Type: text/plain; charset=”utf-8″\r\nMIME-Version: 1.0\r\nContent-Transfer-Encoding: base64\r\nFrom: Crifan2003 <crifan2003@163.com>\r\nTo: green waste <green-waste@163.com>\r\nSubject: =?utf-8?q?=5BhighPrice=5D_Dell_XPS_13_XPS9360-5797SLV-PUS_Laptop?=\r\n\r\nTm90IGJ1eSAnRGVsbCBYUFMgMTMgWFBTOTM2MC01Nzk3U0xWLVBVUyBMYXB0b3AnIGZvciBjdXJy\r\nZW50IHByaWNlICQ2OTkuMDAgPiBleHBlY3RlZCBwcmljZSAkNTk5LjAwLiBhbmQgc2F2ZSBmb3Ig\r\nbGF0ZXIgcHJvY2Vzcw==\r\n.\r\n’

reply: ‘250 Mail OK queued as smtp8,DMCowABXdfGHsyZa2AIHCg–.30514S2 1512485836\r\n’

reply: retcode (250); Msg: Mail OK queued as smtp8,DMCowABXdfGHsyZa2AIHCg–.30514S2 1512485836

data: (250, ‘Mail OK queued as smtp8,DMCowABXdfGHsyZa2AIHCg–.30514S2 1512485836’)

2017/12/05 10:57:19 LINE 473  INFO    Successfully sent email: message=Content-Type: text/plain; charset=”utf-8″

MIME-Version: 1.0

Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

From: Crifan2003 <crifan2003@163.com>

To: green waste <green-waste@163.com>

Subject: =?utf-8?q?=5BhighPrice=5D_Dell_XPS_13_XPS9360-5797SLV-PUS_Laptop?=

Tm90IGJ1eSAnRGVsbCBYUFMgMTMgWFBTOTM2MC01Nzk3U0xWLVBVUyBMYXB0b3AnIGZvciBjdXJy

ZW50IHByaWNlICQ2OTkuMDAgPiBleHBlY3RlZCBwcmljZSAkNTk5LjAwLiBhbmQgc2F2ZSBmb3Ig

bGF0ZXIgcHJvY2Vzcw==

成功发送邮件:

发件人的发件箱中有对应邮件:

收件人的收件箱中也可以收到邮件:

再去调试代码,使得其支持html

【总结】

代码:

# debug send email

productName = “Dell XPS 13 XPS9360-5797SLV-PUS Laptop”

productUrl = “https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/store/d/dell-xps-13-xps-9360-laptop-pc/8q17384grz37/GV5D?activetab=pivot%253aoverviewtab”

notifType = “HighPrice”

title = “[%s] %s” % (notifType, productName)

notifContent = “””

<html>

    <body>

        <h1>%s</h1>

        <p>Not buy <a href=”%s”>%s</a> for current price <b>$699.00</b> &gt; expected price <b>$599.00</b></p>

        <p>So save for later process</p>

    </body>

</html>

“”” % (title, productUrl, productName)

sendEmail(gCfg, title=title, msgContent=notifContent)

def sendEmail(gCfg, title=””, msgContent=””):

    “””

    send email

    :param title:

    :param msgContent:

    :return:

    “””

    logging.debug(“title=%s, msgContent=%s”, title, msgContent)

    sender = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“email”]

    senderPassword = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“password”]

    senderName = gCfg[“notification”][“sender”][“username”]

    receiver = gCfg[“notification”][“receiver”][“email”]

    receiverName = gCfg[“notification”][“receiver”][“username”]

    receivers = [receiver]

    # receiversName = [receiverName]

    senderNameAddr = “%s <%s>” % (senderName, sender)

    receiverNameAddr = “%s <%s>” % (receiverName, receiver)

    def _format_addr(nameAndAddress):

        “””

        format email address

        :param nameAndAddress: email name and address

        :return:

        “””

        name, addr = parseaddr(nameAndAddress)

        return formataddr(( \

            Header(name, ‘utf-8’).encode(), \

            addr.encode(‘utf-8’) if isinstance(addr, unicode) else addr))

    # msg = MIMEText(msgContent, _subtype=”plain”, _charset=”utf-8″)

    msg = MIMEText(msgContent, _subtype=”html”, _charset=”utf-8″)

    msg[“From”] = _format_addr(senderNameAddr)

    msg[“To”] = _format_addr(receiverNameAddr)

    titleHeader = Header(title, “utf-8”)

    encodedTitleHeader = titleHeader.encode()

    msg[‘Subject’] = encodedTitleHeader

    msgStr = msg.as_string()

    smtpServer = “smtp.163.com”

    smtpPort = 25

    # try:

    # smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(‘localhost’)

    smtpObj = smtplib.SMTP(smtpServer, smtpPort)

    smtpObj.set_debuglevel(1)

    smtpObj.login(sender, senderPassword)

    smtpObj.sendmail(sender, receivers, msgStr)

    logging.info(“Successfully sent email: message=%s”, msgStr)

    # except smtplib.SMTPException:

    #     logging.error(“Fail to sent email: message=%s”, message)

    return

效果:

后续再继续优化发送邮件的函数。

支持http/https

支持plain/html

【后记】

后续优化好了,代码详见:

【已解决】Python中smtp如何发送多个收件人地址且带名字的且可以被格式化

转载请注明:在路上 » 【已解决】Python中给某邮箱发送邮件

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