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【已解决】Scrapy的Python中如何解析部分的html字符串并格式化为html网页源码

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【记录】用Python的Scrapy去爬取Youtube中Humf的字幕

期间,已经可以用scrapy去post某个url得到返回的部分的html的字符串了:

{“id”:1637788,”title”:”Humf – 23 Humf Bakes Biscuits (full episode)”,”links”:”<h4>Subtitles in .srt format:<\/h4>\n<p><a href=\”\/download\/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fapi%2Ftimedtext%3Fasr_langs%3Dja%252Cnl%252Ces%252Cfr%252Cit%252Cde%252Cpt%252Cru%252Cko%252Cen%26caps%3Dasr%26key%3Dyttt1%26expire%3D1520243523%26v%3DUhO0bkdC4pQ%26hl%3Den_US%26signature%3D083C0E258E65F4026AAADB8F0B7F810E2E90417B.AE7CBDBDBDA8501C0964F60606F41B48936D1430%26xorp%3DTrue%26sparams%3Dasr_langs%252Ccaps%252Cv%252Cxorp%252Cexpire%26kind%3Dasr%26lang%3Den&title=Humf+-+23+Humf+Bakes+Biscuits+%28full+episode%29\”><b>Download<\/b><\/a>&nbsp;&nbsp;English (auto-generated)<br\/><\/p>\n<br\/><h4>Translated Subtitles:<\/h4>\n<p><a href=\”\/download\/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube

o\”><\/a>&nbsp;<a href=\”http:\/\/www.playlist-to-mp3.com\/?youtube=UhO0bkdC4pQ\” target=\”_blank\”><input type=\”button\” value=\”Download Audio\”><\/a>”}

然后需要想办法去解析json中links的内容

属于html的编码后的内容,部分的html的内容

需要解码后,再去想办法转换为html,然后才能方便的提取其中的所需要的内容

之前印象中可以用到beautifulsoup去实现格式化html,包裹成完整的html,然后再去用bs去解析html,提取所需内容的。

python parse part html

python 解析部分html

crifan python 解析部分html

【教程】Python中第三方的用于解析HTML的库:BeautifulSoup – 在路上

【总结】Python的第三方库BeautifulSoup的使用心得 – 在路上

【整理】关于Python中的html处理库函数BeautifulSoup使用注意事项 – 在路上

crifan python 不完整html

python parse partial html

算了,继续去试试bs,尤其是最新的bs4吧:

Beautiful Soup 4.2.0 文档 — Beautiful Soup 4.2.0 documentation

看了看自己现在的是

<code>➜  ~ python --version
Python 2.7.13
</code>

然后去安装bs4:

<code>➜  ~ pip install beautifulsoup4
Collecting beautifulsoup4
  Downloading beautifulsoup4-4.6.0-py2-none-any.whl (86kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 92kB 168kB/s
Installing collected packages: beautifulsoup4
Successfully installed beautifulsoup4-4.6.0
</code>

然后去试试bs4

【已解决】Beautifulsoup 4中搜索html的p的value包含特定值和p中的a的href

然后就可以正常使用bs4去解析部分的html了。

【总结】

对于不是完整的html的值(根结点是html的,下面是body的那种):

<code>&lt;h4&gt;Subtitles in .srt format:&lt;/h4&gt;
&lt;p&gt;
&lt;a href="/download/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fapi%2Ftimedtext%3Fsignature%3D28DC9DEF32E87382F97D0A1EA5C18C598FBBF791.5BE63BA820226EC354042E43654F6F35308A1D49%26hl%3Den_US%26expire%3D1520328653%26caps%3Dasr%26v%3DUhO0bkdC4pQ%26asr_langs%3Dru%252Cko%252Cde%252Cpt%252Cja%252Cnl%252Cen%252Cit%252Ces%252Cfr%26key%3Dyttt1%26sparams%3Dasr_langs%252Ccaps%252Cv%252Cexpire%26kind%3Dasr%26lang%3Den&amp;title=Humf+-+23+Humf+Bakes+Biscuits+%28full+episode%29"&gt;
&lt;b&gt;Download&lt;/b&gt;
&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;English (auto-generated)
&lt;br/&gt;
&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;br/&gt;
&lt;h4&gt;Translated Subtitles:&lt;/h4&gt;
&lt;p&gt;
&lt;a href="/download/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fapi%2Ftimedtext%3Fsignature%3D28DC9DEF32E87382F97D0A1EA5C18C598FBBF791.5BE63BA820226EC354042E43654F6F35308A1D49%26hl%3Den_US%26expire%3D1520328653%26caps%3Dasr%26v%3DUhO0bkdC4pQ%26asr_langs%3Dru%252Cko%252Cde%252Cpt%252Cja%252Cnl%252Cen%252Cit%252Ces%252Cfr%26key%3Dyttt1%26sparams%3Dasr_langs%252Ccaps%252Cv%252Cexpire%26kind%3Dasr%26lang%3Den%26tlang%3Daf&amp;title=Humf+-+23+Humf+Bakes+Biscuits+%28full+episode%29"&gt;
&lt;b&gt;Download&lt;/b&gt;
&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;Afrikaans
&lt;br/&gt;
&lt;/p&gt;
...
</code>

则也是可以直接使用bs4去解析的。

写法举例:

<code>decodedLinksDict = json.loads(response.body)
self.logger.info("decodedLinksDict=%s", decodedLinksDict)
linksHtml = decodedLinksDict["links"]
# self.logger.info("linksHtml=%s", linksHtml)
linksSoup = BeautifulSoup(linksHtml)
englishNode = linksSoup.find(lambda tag : tag.name == "p" and "English" in tag.get_text())
if englishNode:
    # self.logger.info("englishNode.contents=%s", englishNode.contents)
    self.logger.info("englishNode.text=%s", englishNode.text)
    # self.logger.info("englishNode=%s", englishNode)
    downloadHref = englishNode.a["href"]
    self.logger.info("downloadHref=%s", downloadHref) # /download/?url=….&amp;title=Humf+-+Compilation+%28episodes+16+to+22%29
    downloadUrl = "http://www.yousubtitles.com" + downloadHref # http://www.yousubtitles.com/download/?url=http%3A%2F%2F...n&amp;title=Humf+-+Compilation+%28episodes+16+to+22%29
    self.logger.info("downloadUrl=%s", downloadUrl)
</code>

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