最新消息:20181230 VPS服务器已从Linode换到腾讯云香港,主题仍用朋友推荐的大前端D8

【记录】Ubuntu下测试QEMU中加载和测试Linux内核

QEMU crifan 1118浏览 0评论

【背景】

折腾:

【记录】尝试用QEMU模拟ARM开发板去加载并运行Uboot,kernel,rootfs

期间,已经测试完Uboot了:

【记录】Ubuntu下测试QEMU中加载和测试Uboot

接着去折腾Linux的kernel。

【折腾过程】

1.下载最新的内核源码。

去:

https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/

下载到对应的最新的:

https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/linux-3.10.tar.bz2

2.解压,得到源码:

crifan@ubuntu:kernel$ wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2
--2013-08-15 22:05:21--  https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2
Resolving www.kernel.org (www.kernel.org)... 198.145.20.140, 149.20.4.69
Connecting to www.kernel.org (www.kernel.org)|198.145.20.140|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 87146960 (83M) [application/x-bzip2]
Saving to: ‘linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2’

100%[==================================================================>] 87,146,960  2.45MB/s   in 37s    

2013-08-15 22:05:59 (2.26 MB/s) - ‘linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2’ saved [87146960/87146960]

crifan@ubuntu:kernel$ ls
linux-2.6.19.1  linux-2.6.19.1.tar.bz2  linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2
crifan@ubuntu:kernel$ tar xjf linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2 
crifan@ubuntu:kernel$ ls
linux-2.6.19.1  linux-2.6.19.1.tar.bz2  linux-3.10.7  linux-3.10.7.tar.bz2
crifan@ubuntu:kernel$ cd linux-3.10.7/
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls
arch     CREDITS        drivers   include  Kbuild   lib          mm      REPORTING-BUGS  security  usr
block    crypto         firmware  init     Kconfig  MAINTAINERS  net     samples         sound     virt
COPYING  Documentation  fs        ipc      kernel   Makefile     README  scripts         tools
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ pwd
/home/crifan/develop/crosscompile/kernel/linux-3.10.7
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ 

3.参考教程:

Virtual Development Board

去配置内核:

crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-xscale-linux-gnueabi- versatile_defconfig
  HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/conf.o
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
  HOSTLD  scripts/kconfig/conf
#
# configuration written to .config
#

4.去看看,的确有此versatile配置:

crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls arch/arm/configs/
Display all 120 possibilities? (y or n)
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls arch/arm/configs/ve
versatile_defconfig  vexpress_defconfig   
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls arch/arm/configs/versatile_defconfig -lha
-rw-rw-r-- 1 crifan crifan 1.8K Aug 14 22:59 arch/arm/configs/versatile_defconfig

5.再去编译:

crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-xscale-linux-gnueabi- uImage
scripts/kconfig/conf --silentoldconfig Kconfig
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/auxvec.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/bitsperlong.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/cputime.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/current.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/emergency-restart.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/errno.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/exec.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/ioctl.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/ipcbuf.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/irq_regs.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/kdebug.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/local.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/local64.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/msgbuf.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/param.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/parport.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/poll.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/resource.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/sections.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/segment.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/sembuf.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/serial.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/shmbuf.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/siginfo.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/sizes.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/socket.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/sockios.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/termbits.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/termios.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/timex.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/trace_clock.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/types.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/unaligned.h
  CHK     include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h
  UPD     include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h
  CHK     include/generated/utsrelease.h
  UPD     include/generated/utsrelease.h
  Generating include/generated/mach-types.h
  CC      kernel/bounds.s
  GEN     include/generated/bounds.h
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/asm-offsets.s
  GEN     include/generated/asm-offsets.h
  CALL    scripts/checksyscalls.sh
  CC      scripts/mod/empty.o
  HOSTCC  scripts/mod/mk_elfconfig
  MKELF   scripts/mod/elfconfig.h
  CC      scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.s
  GEN     scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.h
  HOSTCC  scripts/mod/file2alias.o
  HOSTCC  scripts/mod/modpost.o
  HOSTCC  scripts/mod/sumversion.o
  HOSTLD  scripts/mod/modpost
  HOSTCC  scripts/kallsyms
  HOSTCC  scripts/conmakehash
  HOSTCC  scripts/sortextable
  CC      init/main.o
  CHK     include/generated/compile.h
  UPD     include/generated/compile.h
  CC      init/version.o
  CC      init/do_mounts.o
  CC      init/do_mounts_rd.o
  CC      init/do_mounts_initrd.o
  LD      init/mounts.o
  CC      init/initramfs.o
  CC      init/calibrate.o
  CC      init/init_task.o
  LD      init/built-in.o
  HOSTCC  usr/gen_init_cpio
  GEN     usr/initramfs_data.cpio
  AS      usr/initramfs_data.o
  LD      usr/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpa11.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpa11_cpdo.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpa11_cpdt.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpa11_cprt.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpmodule.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/fpopcode.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/softfloat.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/single_cpdo.o
  CC      arch/arm/nwfpe/double_cpdo.o
  AS      arch/arm/nwfpe/entry.o
  LD      arch/arm/nwfpe/nwfpe.o
  LD      arch/arm/nwfpe/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/vfp/vfpmodule.o
  AS      arch/arm/vfp/entry.o
  AS      arch/arm/vfp/vfphw.o
  CC      arch/arm/vfp/vfpsingle.o
  CC      arch/arm/vfp/vfpdouble.o
  LD      arch/arm/vfp/vfp.o
  LD      arch/arm/vfp/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/elf.o
  AS      arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.o
  AS      arch/arm/kernel/entry-common.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/irq.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/opcodes.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/process.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/ptrace.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/return_address.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/sched_clock.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/setup.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/signal.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/stacktrace.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/sys_arm.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/time.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/traps.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/atags_parse.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/armksyms.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/module.o
  AS      arch/arm/kernel/sleep.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/suspend.o
  CC      arch/arm/kernel/io.o
  AS      arch/arm/kernel/debug.o
  LD      arch/arm/kernel/built-in.o
  AS      arch/arm/kernel/head.o
  LDS     arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds
  CC      arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/extable.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/fault.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/init.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/iomap.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/fault-armv.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/flush.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/idmap.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/ioremap.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/mmap.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/pgd.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/mmu.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/proc-syms.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/alignment.o
  AS      arch/arm/mm/abort-ev5tj.o
  AS      arch/arm/mm/pabort-legacy.o
  CC      arch/arm/mm/copypage-v4wb.o
  AS      arch/arm/mm/tlb-v4wbi.o
  AS      arch/arm/mm/proc-arm926.o
  LD      arch/arm/mm/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/common/firmware.o
  CC      arch/arm/common/icst.o
  CC      arch/arm/common/timer-sp.o
  LD      arch/arm/common/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/net/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/crypto/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/mach-versatile/core.o
  CC      arch/arm/mach-versatile/versatile_pb.o
  CC      arch/arm/mach-versatile/versatile_ab.o
  LD      arch/arm/mach-versatile/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/plat-versatile/clock.o
  CC      arch/arm/plat-versatile/clcd.o
  CC      arch/arm/plat-versatile/sched-clock.o
  LD      arch/arm/plat-versatile/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/fork.o
  CC      kernel/exec_domain.o
  CC      kernel/panic.o
  CC      kernel/printk.o
  CC      kernel/cpu.o
  CC      kernel/exit.o
  CC      kernel/itimer.o
  HZFILE  kernel/hz.bc
  BC      kernel/timeconst.h
  CC      kernel/time.o
  CC      kernel/softirq.o
  CC      kernel/resource.o
  CC      kernel/sysctl.o
  CC      kernel/sysctl_binary.o
  CC      kernel/capability.o
  CC      kernel/ptrace.o
  CC      kernel/timer.o
  CC      kernel/user.o
  CC      kernel/signal.o
  CC      kernel/sys.o
  CC      kernel/kmod.o
  CC      kernel/workqueue.o
  CC      kernel/pid.o
  CC      kernel/task_work.o
  CC      kernel/rcupdate.o
  CC      kernel/extable.o
  CC      kernel/params.o
  CC      kernel/posix-timers.o
  CC      kernel/kthread.o
  CC      kernel/wait.o
  CC      kernel/sys_ni.o
  CC      kernel/posix-cpu-timers.o
  CC      kernel/mutex.o
  CC      kernel/hrtimer.o
  CC      kernel/rwsem.o
  CC      kernel/nsproxy.o
  CC      kernel/srcu.o
  CC      kernel/semaphore.o
  CC      kernel/notifier.o
  CC      kernel/ksysfs.o
  CC      kernel/cred.o
  CC      kernel/async.o
  CC      kernel/range.o
  CC      kernel/groups.o
  CC      kernel/lglock.o
  CC      kernel/smpboot.o
  CC      kernel/cpu/idle.o
  LD      kernel/cpu/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/irq/irqdesc.o
  CC      kernel/irq/handle.o
  CC      kernel/irq/manage.o
  CC      kernel/irq/spurious.o
  CC      kernel/irq/resend.o
  CC      kernel/irq/chip.o
  CC      kernel/irq/dummychip.o
  CC      kernel/irq/devres.o
  CC      kernel/irq/autoprobe.o
  CC      kernel/irq/irqdomain.o
  CC      kernel/irq/proc.o
  CC      kernel/irq/pm.o
  LD      kernel/irq/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/power/qos.o
  CC      kernel/power/main.o
  CC      kernel/power/console.o
  CC      kernel/power/process.o
  CC      kernel/power/suspend.o
  CC      kernel/power/poweroff.o
  LD      kernel/power/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/sched/core.o
  CC      kernel/sched/clock.o
  CC      kernel/sched/cputime.o
  CC      kernel/sched/idle_task.o
  CC      kernel/sched/fair.o
  CC      kernel/sched/rt.o
  CC      kernel/sched/stop_task.o
  CC      kernel/sched/debug.o
  LD      kernel/sched/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/time/timekeeping.o
  CC      kernel/time/ntp.o
  CC      kernel/time/clocksource.o
  CC      kernel/time/jiffies.o
  CC      kernel/time/timer_list.o
  CC      kernel/time/timeconv.o
  CC      kernel/time/posix-clock.o
  CC      kernel/time/alarmtimer.o
  CC      kernel/time/clockevents.o
  CC      kernel/time/tick-common.o
  LD      kernel/time/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/freezer.o
  CC      kernel/futex.o
  CC      kernel/rtmutex.o
  CC      kernel/up.o
  CC      kernel/uid16.o
  CC      kernel/module.o
  CC      kernel/kallsyms.o
  CC      kernel/utsname.o
  CC      kernel/pid_namespace.o
  CC      kernel/rcutiny.o
  CC      kernel/utsname_sysctl.o
  CC      kernel/elfcore.o
  CC      kernel/irq_work.o
  CC      kernel/cpu_pm.o
  LD      kernel/built-in.o
  CC      mm/filemap.o
  CC      mm/mempool.o
  CC      mm/oom_kill.o
  CC      mm/fadvise.o
  CC      mm/maccess.o
  CC      mm/page_alloc.o
  CC      mm/page-writeback.o
  CC      mm/readahead.o
  CC      mm/swap.o
  CC      mm/truncate.o
  CC      mm/vmscan.o
  CC      mm/shmem.o
  CC      mm/util.o
  CC      mm/mmzone.o
  CC      mm/vmstat.o
  CC      mm/backing-dev.o
  CC      mm/mm_init.o
  CC      mm/mmu_context.o
  CC      mm/percpu.o
  CC      mm/slab_common.o
  CC      mm/compaction.o
  CC      mm/balloon_compaction.o
  CC      mm/interval_tree.o
  CC      mm/fremap.o
  CC      mm/highmem.o
  CC      mm/madvise.o
  CC      mm/memory.o
  CC      mm/mincore.o
  CC      mm/mlock.o
  CC      mm/mmap.o
  CC      mm/mprotect.o
  CC      mm/mremap.o
  CC      mm/msync.o
  CC      mm/rmap.o
  CC      mm/vmalloc.o
  CC      mm/pagewalk.o
  CC      mm/pgtable-generic.o
  CC      mm/process_vm_access.o
  CC      mm/init-mm.o
  CC      mm/bootmem.o
  CC      mm/memblock.o
  CC      mm/page_io.o
  CC      mm/swap_state.o
  CC      mm/swapfile.o
  CC      mm/dmapool.o
  CC      mm/slab.o
  CC      mm/migrate.o
  LD      mm/built-in.o
  CC      fs/open.o
  CC      fs/read_write.o
  CC      fs/file_table.o
  CC      fs/super.o
  CC      fs/char_dev.o
  CC      fs/stat.o
  CC      fs/exec.o
  CC      fs/pipe.o
  CC      fs/namei.o
  CC      fs/fcntl.o
  CC      fs/ioctl.o
  CC      fs/readdir.o
  CC      fs/select.o
  CC      fs/dcache.o
  CC      fs/inode.o
  CC      fs/attr.o
  CC      fs/bad_inode.o
  CC      fs/file.o
  CC      fs/filesystems.o
  CC      fs/namespace.o
  CC      fs/seq_file.o
  CC      fs/xattr.o
  CC      fs/libfs.o
  CC      fs/fs-writeback.o
  CC      fs/pnode.o
  CC      fs/splice.o
  CC      fs/sync.o
  CC      fs/utimes.o
  CC      fs/stack.o
  CC      fs/fs_struct.o
  CC      fs/statfs.o
  CC      fs/buffer.o
  CC      fs/bio.o
  CC      fs/block_dev.o
  CC      fs/direct-io.o
  CC      fs/mpage.o
  CC      fs/ioprio.o
  CC      fs/proc_namespace.o
  CC      fs/cramfs/inode.o
  CC      fs/cramfs/uncompress.o
  LD      fs/cramfs/cramfs.o
  LD      fs/cramfs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/devpts/inode.o
  LD      fs/devpts/devpts.o
  LD      fs/devpts/built-in.o
  LD      fs/exofs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/exportfs/expfs.o
  LD      fs/exportfs/exportfs.o
  LD      fs/exportfs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/ext2/balloc.o
  CC      fs/ext2/dir.o
  CC      fs/ext2/file.o
  CC      fs/ext2/ialloc.o
  CC      fs/ext2/inode.o
  CC      fs/ext2/ioctl.o
  CC      fs/ext2/namei.o
  CC      fs/ext2/super.o
  CC      fs/ext2/symlink.o
  LD      fs/ext2/ext2.o
  LD      fs/ext2/built-in.o
  LD      fs/fat/built-in.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/compr.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/dir.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/file.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/ioctl.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/nodelist.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/malloc.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/read.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/nodemgmt.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/readinode.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/write.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/scan.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/gc.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/symlink.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/build.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/erase.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/background.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/fs.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/writev.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/super.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/debug.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/wbuf.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/compr_rtime.o
  CC      fs/jffs2/compr_zlib.o
  LD      fs/jffs2/jffs2.o
  LD      fs/jffs2/built-in.o
  CC      fs/lockd/clntlock.o
  CC      fs/lockd/clntproc.o
  CC      fs/lockd/clntxdr.o
  CC      fs/lockd/host.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svc.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svclock.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svcshare.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svcproc.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svcsubs.o
  CC      fs/lockd/mon.o
  CC      fs/lockd/xdr.o
  CC      fs/lockd/grace.o
  CC      fs/lockd/clnt4xdr.o
  CC      fs/lockd/xdr4.o
  CC      fs/lockd/svc4proc.o
  LD      fs/lockd/lockd.o
  LD      fs/lockd/built-in.o
  CC      fs/minix/bitmap.o
  CC      fs/minix/itree_v1.o
  CC      fs/minix/itree_v2.o
  CC      fs/minix/namei.o
  CC      fs/minix/inode.o
  CC      fs/minix/file.o
  CC      fs/minix/dir.o
  LD      fs/minix/minix.o
  LD      fs/minix/built-in.o
  CC      fs/nfs/client.o
  CC      fs/nfs/dir.o
  CC      fs/nfs/file.o
  CC      fs/nfs/getroot.o
  CC      fs/nfs/inode.o
  CC      fs/nfs/super.o
  CC      fs/nfs/direct.o
  CC      fs/nfs/pagelist.o
  CC      fs/nfs/read.o
  CC      fs/nfs/symlink.o
  CC      fs/nfs/unlink.o
  CC      fs/nfs/write.o
  CC      fs/nfs/namespace.o
  CC      fs/nfs/mount_clnt.o
  CC      fs/nfs/dns_resolve.o
  CC      fs/nfs/cache_lib.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfsroot.o
  CC      fs/nfs/sysctl.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs2super.o
  CC      fs/nfs/proc.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs2xdr.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs3super.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs3client.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs3proc.o
  CC      fs/nfs/nfs3xdr.o
  LD      fs/nfs/nfs.o
  LD      fs/nfs/nfsv2.o
  LD      fs/nfs/nfsv3.o
  LD      fs/nfs/built-in.o
  LD      fs/nfs_common/built-in.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfssvc.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfsctl.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfsproc.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfsfh.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/vfs.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/export.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/auth.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/lockd.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfscache.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfsxdr.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/stats.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfs3proc.o
  CC      fs/nfsd/nfs3xdr.o
  LD      fs/nfsd/nfsd.o
  LD      fs/nfsd/built-in.o
  LD      fs/nls/built-in.o
  CC      fs/notify/fsnotify.o
  CC      fs/notify/notification.o
  CC      fs/notify/group.o
  CC      fs/notify/inode_mark.o
  CC      fs/notify/mark.o
  CC      fs/notify/vfsmount_mark.o
  CC      fs/notify/fdinfo.o
  CC      fs/notify/dnotify/dnotify.o
  LD      fs/notify/dnotify/built-in.o
  LD      fs/notify/fanotify/built-in.o
  CC      fs/notify/inotify/inotify_fsnotify.o
  CC      fs/notify/inotify/inotify_user.o
  LD      fs/notify/inotify/built-in.o
  LD      fs/notify/built-in.o
  CC      fs/proc/task_mmu.o
  CC      fs/proc/inode.o
  CC      fs/proc/root.o
  CC      fs/proc/base.o
  CC      fs/proc/generic.o
  CC      fs/proc/array.o
  CC      fs/proc/fd.o
  CC      fs/proc/proc_tty.o
  CC      fs/proc/cmdline.o
  CC      fs/proc/consoles.o
  CC      fs/proc/cpuinfo.o
  CC      fs/proc/devices.o
  CC      fs/proc/interrupts.o
  CC      fs/proc/loadavg.o
  CC      fs/proc/meminfo.o
  CC      fs/proc/stat.o
  CC      fs/proc/uptime.o
  CC      fs/proc/version.o
  CC      fs/proc/softirqs.o
  CC      fs/proc/namespaces.o
  CC      fs/proc/self.o
  CC      fs/proc/proc_sysctl.o
  CC      fs/proc/proc_net.o
  CC      fs/proc/kmsg.o
  CC      fs/proc/page.o
  LD      fs/proc/proc.o
  LD      fs/proc/built-in.o
  LD      fs/quota/built-in.o
  CC      fs/ramfs/inode.o
  CC      fs/ramfs/file-mmu.o
  LD      fs/ramfs/ramfs.o
  LD      fs/ramfs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/romfs/storage.o
  CC      fs/romfs/super.o
  LD      fs/romfs/romfs.o
  LD      fs/romfs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/inode.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/file.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/dir.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/symlink.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/mount.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/bin.o
  CC      fs/sysfs/group.o
  LD      fs/sysfs/built-in.o
  CC      fs/eventpoll.o
  CC      fs/anon_inodes.o
  CC      fs/signalfd.o
  CC      fs/timerfd.o
  CC      fs/eventfd.o
  CC      fs/aio.o
  CC      fs/locks.o
  CC      fs/binfmt_script.o
  CC      fs/binfmt_elf.o
  CC      fs/coredump.o
  CC      fs/drop_caches.o
  LD      fs/built-in.o
  CC      ipc/util.o
  CC      ipc/msgutil.o
  CC      ipc/msg.o
  CC      ipc/sem.o
  CC      ipc/shm.o
  CC      ipc/ipcns_notifier.o
  CC      ipc/syscall.o
  CC      ipc/ipc_sysctl.o
  CC      ipc/namespace.o
  LD      ipc/built-in.o
  CC      security/commoncap.o
  CC      security/min_addr.o
  LD      security/built-in.o
  CC      crypto/api.o
  CC      crypto/cipher.o
  CC      crypto/compress.o
  CC      crypto/algapi.o
  CC      crypto/scatterwalk.o
  CC      crypto/proc.o
  LD      crypto/crypto.o
  LD      crypto/crypto_algapi.o
  CC      crypto/aes_generic.o
  LD      crypto/built-in.o
  CC      block/elevator.o
  CC      block/blk-core.o
  CC      block/blk-tag.o
  CC      block/blk-sysfs.o
  CC      block/blk-flush.o
  CC      block/blk-settings.o
  CC      block/blk-ioc.o
  CC      block/blk-map.o
  CC      block/blk-exec.o
  CC      block/blk-merge.o
  CC      block/blk-softirq.o
  CC      block/blk-timeout.o
  CC      block/blk-iopoll.o
  CC      block/blk-lib.o
  CC      block/ioctl.o
  CC      block/genhd.o
  CC      block/scsi_ioctl.o
  CC      block/partition-generic.o
  CC      block/partitions/check.o
  CC      block/partitions/msdos.o
  CC      block/partitions/efi.o
  LD      block/partitions/built-in.o
  CC      block/bsg.o
  CC      block/noop-iosched.o
  CC      block/deadline-iosched.o
  CC      block/cfq-iosched.o
  LD      block/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/amba/bus.o
  LD      drivers/amba/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/auxdisplay/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/base/core.o
  CC      drivers/base/bus.o
  CC      drivers/base/dd.o
  CC      drivers/base/syscore.o
  CC      drivers/base/driver.o
  CC      drivers/base/class.o
  CC      drivers/base/platform.o
  CC      drivers/base/cpu.o
  CC      drivers/base/firmware.o
  CC      drivers/base/init.o
  CC      drivers/base/map.o
  CC      drivers/base/devres.o
  CC      drivers/base/attribute_container.o
  CC      drivers/base/transport_class.o
  CC      drivers/base/topology.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/sysfs.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/generic_ops.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/common.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/qos.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/main.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/wakeup.o
  CC      drivers/base/power/clock_ops.o
  LD      drivers/base/power/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/base/dma-mapping.o
  CC      drivers/base/dma-coherent.o
  CC      drivers/base/firmware_class.o
  CC      drivers/base/module.o
  LD      drivers/base/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/block/brd.o
  LD      drivers/block/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/bus/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/cdrom/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/char/mem.o
  CC      drivers/char/random.o
  CC      drivers/char/misc.o
  LD      drivers/char/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/char/hw_random/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/clk/clk-devres.o
  CC      drivers/clk/clkdev.o
  LD      drivers/clk/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/clocksource/mmio.o
  LD      drivers/clocksource/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/crypto/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/firewire/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/firmware/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/gpio/devres.o
  LD      drivers/gpio/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/gpu/drm/i2c/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/gpu/drm/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/gpu/vga/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/gpu/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-lg.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-core.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-input.o
  LD      drivers/hid/hid.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-generic.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-a4tech.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-apple.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-belkin.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-cherry.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-chicony.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-cypress.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-ezkey.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-kensington.o
  LD      drivers/hid/hid-logitech.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-microsoft.o
  CC      drivers/hid/hid-monterey.o
  LD      drivers/hid/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/hsi/clients/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/hsi/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/i2c/i2c-boardinfo.o
  CC      drivers/i2c/i2c-core.o
  LD      drivers/i2c/algos/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/i2c/busses/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/i2c/muxes/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/i2c/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/idle/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/input/input.o
  CC      drivers/input/input-compat.o
  CC      drivers/input/input-mt.o
  CC      drivers/input/ff-core.o
  LD      drivers/input/input-core.o
  CC      drivers/input/mousedev.o
  CC      drivers/input/keyboard/atkbd.o
  LD      drivers/input/keyboard/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/psmouse-base.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/synaptics.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/alps.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/logips2pp.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/trackpoint.o
  CC      drivers/input/mouse/cypress_ps2.o
  LD      drivers/input/mouse/psmouse.o
  LD      drivers/input/mouse/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/input/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/input/serio/serio.o
  CC      drivers/input/serio/ambakmi.o
  CC      drivers/input/serio/libps2.o
  LD      drivers/input/serio/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/iommu/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/irqchip/irq-vic.o
  CC      drivers/irqchip/irq-versatile-fpga.o
  LD      drivers/irqchip/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/leds/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/lguest/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/macintosh/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/common/b2c2/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/common/saa7146/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/common/siano/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/common/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/firewire/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/i2c/soc_camera/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/i2c/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/mmc/siano/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/mmc/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/parport/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/b2c2/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/ddbridge/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/dm1105/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/mantis/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/ngene/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/pluto2/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/pt1/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/saa7146/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/ttpci/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/pci/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/platform/davinci/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/platform/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/rc/keymaps/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/rc/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/tuners/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/b2c2/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/dvb-usb-v2/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/s2255/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/siano/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/stkwebcam/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/ttusb-budget/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/ttusb-dec/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/zr364xx/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/usb/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/media/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mfd/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/carma/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/cb710/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/eeprom/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/lis3lv02d/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/ti-st/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/misc/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/card/block.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/card/queue.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/card/mmc_block.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/card/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/core.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/bus.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/host.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/mmc.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/mmc_ops.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sd.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sd_ops.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio_ops.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio_bus.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio_cis.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio_io.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/sdio_irq.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/quirks.o
  CC      drivers/mmc/core/slot-gpio.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/core/mmc_core.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/core/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/host/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mmc/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdcore.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdsuper.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdconcat.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdpart.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdchar.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/mtd.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/cmdlinepart.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/mtdblock.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/chips/chipreg.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/chips/cfi_probe.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/chips/cfi_util.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/chips/cfi_cmdset_0001.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/chips/gen_probe.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/chips/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/devices/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/lpddr/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/mtd/maps/physmap.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/maps/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/nand/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/onenand/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/tests/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/mtd/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/net/mii.o
  CC      drivers/net/Space.o
  CC      drivers/net/loopback.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/8390/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/cirrus/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/faraday/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/i825xx/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/intel/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/marvell/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/micrel/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/natsemi/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/seeq/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/net/ethernet/smsc/smc91x.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/smsc/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/stmicro/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/wiznet/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/ethernet/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/wireless/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/net/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/nfc/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/pinctrl/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/platform/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/pwm/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/rtc/rtc-lib.o
  LD      drivers/rtc/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_io.o
  CC      drivers/tty/n_tty.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_ioctl.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_buffer.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_port.o
  CC      drivers/tty/tty_mutex.o
  CC      drivers/tty/pty.o
  CC      drivers/tty/sysrq.o
  LD      drivers/tty/ipwireless/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.o
  CC      drivers/tty/serial/amba-pl011.o
  LD      drivers/tty/serial/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/tty/serial/8250/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/vt_ioctl.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/vc_screen.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/selection.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/keyboard.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/consolemap.o
  CONMK   drivers/tty/vt/consolemap_deftbl.c
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/consolemap_deftbl.o
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/vt.o
  SHIPPED drivers/tty/vt/defkeymap.c
  CC      drivers/tty/vt/defkeymap.o
  LD      drivers/tty/vt/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/tty/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/video/fb_notify.o
  CC      drivers/video/fbmem.o
  CC      drivers/video/fbmon.o
  CC      drivers/video/fbcmap.o
  CC      drivers/video/fbsysfs.o
  CC      drivers/video/modedb.o
  CC      drivers/video/fbcvt.o
  LD      drivers/video/fb.o
  LD      drivers/video/backlight/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/fonts.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/font_acorn_8x8.o
  LD      drivers/video/console/font.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/dummycon.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/fbcon.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/bitblit.o
  CC      drivers/video/console/softcursor.o
  LD      drivers/video/console/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/video/omap2/displays/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/video/omap2/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/video/cfbfillrect.o
  CC      drivers/video/cfbcopyarea.o
  CC      drivers/video/cfbimgblt.o
  CC      drivers/video/amba-clcd.o
  LD      drivers/video/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/built-in.o
  CC      sound/sound_core.o
  LD      sound/soundcore.o
  LD      sound/built-in.o
  LD      sound/arm/built-in.o
  LD      sound/atmel/built-in.o
  LD      sound/core/oss/built-in.o
  LD      sound/core/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/mpu401/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/opl3/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/opl4/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/pcsp/built-in.o
  LD      sound/drivers/vx/built-in.o
  LD      sound/firewire/built-in.o
  LD      sound/i2c/built-in.o
  LD      sound/i2c/other/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/ad1816a/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/ad1848/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/cs423x/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/es1688/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/galaxy/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/gus/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/msnd/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/opti9xx/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/sb/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/wavefront/built-in.o
  LD      sound/isa/wss/built-in.o
  LD      sound/mips/built-in.o
  LD      sound/parisc/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ac97/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ali5451/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/asihpi/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/au88x0/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/aw2/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ca0106/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/cs46xx/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/cs5535audio/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ctxfi/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/echoaudio/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/emu10k1/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/hda/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ice1712/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/korg1212/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/lola/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/lx6464es/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/mixart/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/nm256/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/oxygen/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/pcxhr/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/riptide/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/rme9652/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/trident/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/vx222/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pci/ymfpci/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pcmcia/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pcmcia/pdaudiocf/built-in.o
  LD      sound/pcmcia/vx/built-in.o
  LD      sound/ppc/built-in.o
  LD      sound/sh/built-in.o
  LD      sound/soc/built-in.o
  LD      sound/sparc/built-in.o
  LD      sound/spi/built-in.o
  LD      sound/synth/built-in.o
  LD      sound/usb/built-in.o
  LD      sound/usb/6fire/built-in.o
  LD      sound/usb/caiaq/built-in.o
  LD      sound/usb/misc/built-in.o
  LD      sound/usb/usx2y/built-in.o
  LD      firmware/built-in.o
  CC      net/socket.o
  LD      net/802/built-in.o
  CC      net/core/sock.o
  CC      net/core/request_sock.o
  CC      net/core/skbuff.o
  CC      net/core/iovec.o
  CC      net/core/datagram.o
  CC      net/core/stream.o
  CC      net/core/scm.o
  CC      net/core/gen_stats.o
  CC      net/core/gen_estimator.o
  CC      net/core/net_namespace.o
  CC      net/core/secure_seq.o
  CC      net/core/flow_dissector.o
  CC      net/core/sysctl_net_core.o
  CC      net/core/dev.o
  CC      net/core/ethtool.o
  CC      net/core/dev_addr_lists.o
  CC      net/core/dst.o
  CC      net/core/netevent.o
  CC      net/core/neighbour.o
  CC      net/core/rtnetlink.o
  CC      net/core/utils.o
  CC      net/core/link_watch.o
  CC      net/core/filter.o
  CC      net/core/sock_diag.o
  CC      net/core/dev_ioctl.o
  CC      net/core/flow.o
  CC      net/core/net-sysfs.o
  CC      net/core/net-procfs.o
  LD      net/core/built-in.o
  CC      net/ethernet/eth.o
  LD      net/ethernet/built-in.o
  CC      net/ipv4/route.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inetpeer.o
  CC      net/ipv4/protocol.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_input.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_fragment.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_forward.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_options.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_output.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inet_timewait_sock.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inet_connection_sock.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_input.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_output.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_timer.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_minisocks.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_cong.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.o
  CC      net/ipv4/datagram.o
  CC      net/ipv4/raw.o
  CC      net/ipv4/udp.o
  CC      net/ipv4/udplite.o
  CC      net/ipv4/arp.o
  CC      net/ipv4/icmp.o
  CC      net/ipv4/devinet.o
  CC      net/ipv4/af_inet.o
  CC      net/ipv4/igmp.o
  CC      net/ipv4/fib_frontend.o
  CC      net/ipv4/fib_semantics.o
  CC      net/ipv4/fib_trie.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inet_fragment.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ping.o
  CC      net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.o
  CC      net/ipv4/proc.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_mode_beet.o
  CC      net/ipv4/inet_lro.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_mode_transport.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_mode_tunnel.o
  CC      net/ipv4/ipconfig.o
  CC      net/ipv4/tcp_cubic.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.o
  CC      net/ipv4/xfrm4_output.o
  LD      net/ipv4/built-in.o
  CC      net/ipv6/addrconf_core.o
  CC      net/ipv6/exthdrs_core.o
  CC      net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.o
  CC      net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.o
  CC      net/ipv6/output_core.o
  CC      net/ipv6/protocol.o
  CC      net/ipv6/ip6_offload.o
  CC      net/ipv6/tcpv6_offload.o
  CC      net/ipv6/udp_offload.o
  CC      net/ipv6/exthdrs_offload.o
  LD      net/ipv6/built-in.o
  CC      net/netlink/af_netlink.o
  CC      net/netlink/genetlink.o
  LD      net/netlink/built-in.o
  CC      net/packet/af_packet.o
  LD      net/packet/built-in.o
  CC      net/sched/sch_generic.o
  CC      net/sched/sch_mq.o
  LD      net/sched/built-in.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/clnt.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/xprt.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/socklib.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/xprtsock.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/sched.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/auth.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/auth_null.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/auth_unix.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/auth_generic.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/svc.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/svcsock.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/svcauth.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/svcauth_unix.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/addr.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/rpcb_clnt.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/timer.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/xdr.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/sunrpc_syms.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/cache.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/rpc_pipe.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/svc_xprt.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/stats.o
  CC      net/sunrpc/sysctl.o
  LD      net/sunrpc/sunrpc.o
  LD      net/sunrpc/built-in.o
  CC      net/unix/af_unix.o
  CC      net/unix/garbage.o
  CC      net/unix/sysctl_net_unix.o
  LD      net/unix/unix.o
  LD      net/unix/built-in.o
  LD      net/wireless/built-in.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_state.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_input.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_output.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.o
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_replay.o
  LD      net/xfrm/built-in.o
  CC      net/sysctl_net.o
  LD      net/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/lib/built-in.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/ashldi3.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/ashrdi3.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/backtrace.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/call_with_stack.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/changebit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/clear_user.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/clearbit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/copy_from_user.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/copy_page.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/copy_to_user.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/csumipv6.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/csumpartial.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/csumpartialcopy.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/csumpartialcopyuser.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/delay-loop.o
  CC      arch/arm/lib/delay.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/div64.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/findbit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/getuser.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-readsb.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-readsl.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-readsw-armv4.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-writesb.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-writesl.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/io-writesw-armv4.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/lib1funcs.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/lshrdi3.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/memchr.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/memcpy.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/memmove.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/memset.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/memzero.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/muldi3.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/putuser.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/setbit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/strchr.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/strrchr.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/testchangebit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/testclearbit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/testsetbit.o
  AS      arch/arm/lib/ucmpdi2.o
  AR      arch/arm/lib/lib.a
  CC      lib/bcd.o
  CC      lib/div64.o
  CC      lib/sort.o
  CC      lib/parser.o
  CC      lib/halfmd4.o
  CC      lib/debug_locks.o
  CC      lib/random32.o
  CC      lib/bust_spinlocks.o
  CC      lib/hexdump.o
  CC      lib/kasprintf.o
  CC      lib/bitmap.o
  CC      lib/scatterlist.o
  CC      lib/gcd.o
  CC      lib/lcm.o
  CC      lib/list_sort.o
  CC      lib/uuid.o
  CC      lib/flex_array.o
  CC      lib/iovec.o
  CC      lib/bsearch.o
  CC      lib/find_last_bit.o
  CC      lib/find_next_bit.o
  CC      lib/llist.o
  CC      lib/memweight.o
  CC      lib/kfifo.o
  CC      lib/string_helpers.o
  CC      lib/kstrtox.o
  CC      lib/pci_iomap.o
  CC      lib/iomap_copy.o
  CC      lib/devres.o
  CC      lib/hweight.o
  CC      lib/bitrev.o
  HOSTCC  lib/gen_crc32table
  GEN     lib/crc32table.h
  CC      lib/crc32.o
  CC      lib/lzo/lzo1x_decompress_safe.o
  LD      lib/lzo/lzo_decompress.o
  LD      lib/lzo/built-in.o
  CC      lib/xz/xz_dec_syms.o
  CC      lib/xz/xz_dec_stream.o
  CC      lib/xz/xz_dec_lzma2.o
  CC      lib/xz/xz_dec_bcj.o
  LD      lib/xz/xz_dec.o
  LD      lib/xz/built-in.o
  CC      lib/zlib_deflate/deflate.o
  CC      lib/zlib_deflate/deftree.o
  CC      lib/zlib_deflate/deflate_syms.o
  LD      lib/zlib_deflate/zlib_deflate.o
  LD      lib/zlib_deflate/built-in.o
  CC      lib/zlib_inflate/inffast.o
  CC      lib/zlib_inflate/inflate.o
  CC      lib/zlib_inflate/infutil.o
  CC      lib/zlib_inflate/inftrees.o
  CC      lib/zlib_inflate/inflate_syms.o
  LD      lib/zlib_inflate/zlib_inflate.o
  LD      lib/zlib_inflate/built-in.o
  CC      lib/syscall.o
  CC      lib/nlattr.o
  CC      lib/atomic64.o
  CC      lib/dynamic_queue_limits.o
  CC      lib/strncpy_from_user.o
  CC      lib/strnlen_user.o
  LD      lib/built-in.o
  CC      lib/argv_split.o
  CC      lib/bug.o
  CC      lib/cmdline.o
  CC      lib/ctype.o
  CC      lib/dec_and_lock.o
  CC      lib/decompress.o
  CC      lib/decompress_bunzip2.o
  CC      lib/decompress_inflate.o
  CC      lib/decompress_unlzma.o
  CC      lib/decompress_unlzo.o
  CC      lib/decompress_unxz.o
  CC      lib/dump_stack.o
  CC      lib/earlycpio.o
  CC      lib/extable.o
  CC      lib/flex_proportions.o
  CC      lib/idr.o
  CC      lib/int_sqrt.o
  CC      lib/ioremap.o
  CC      lib/irq_regs.o
  CC      lib/is_single_threaded.o
  CC      lib/klist.o
  CC      lib/kobject.o
  CC      lib/kobject_uevent.o
  CC      lib/md5.o
  CC      lib/plist.o
  CC      lib/prio_heap.o
  CC      lib/proportions.o
  CC      lib/radix-tree.o
  CC      lib/ratelimit.o
  CC      lib/rbtree.o
  CC      lib/reciprocal_div.o
  CC      lib/rwsem-spinlock.o
  CC      lib/sha1.o
  CC      lib/show_mem.o
  CC      lib/string.o
  CC      lib/timerqueue.o
  CC      lib/vsprintf.o
  AR      lib/lib.a
  LINK    vmlinux
  LD      vmlinux.o
  MODPOST vmlinux.o
  GEN     .version
  CHK     include/generated/compile.h
  UPD     include/generated/compile.h
  CC      init/version.o
  LD      init/built-in.o
  KSYM    .tmp_kallsyms1.o
  KSYM    .tmp_kallsyms2.o
  LD      vmlinux
  SORTEX  vmlinux
  SYSMAP  System.map
  OBJCOPY arch/arm/boot/Image
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready
  AS      arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.o
  GZIP    arch/arm/boot/compressed/piggy.gzip
  AS      arch/arm/boot/compressed/piggy.gzip.o
  CC      arch/arm/boot/compressed/misc.o
  CC      arch/arm/boot/compressed/decompress.o
  CC      arch/arm/boot/compressed/string.o
  SHIPPED arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.S
  AS      arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.o
  SHIPPED arch/arm/boot/compressed/ashldi3.S
  AS      arch/arm/boot/compressed/ashldi3.o
  LD      arch/arm/boot/compressed/vmlinux
  OBJCOPY arch/arm/boot/zImage
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready
  UIMAGE  arch/arm/boot/uImage
Image Name:   Linux-3.10.7
Created:      Thu Aug 15 22:13:18 2013
Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
Data Size:    1889744 Bytes = 1845.45 kB = 1.80 MB
Load Address: 00008000
Entry Point:  00008000
  Image arch/arm/boot/uImage is ready
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ 

6.再去确认一下:

crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls arch/arm/boot/ -lha
total 7.3M
drwxrwxr-x  5 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 15 22:13 .
drwxrwxr-x 80 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 14 22:59 ..
drwxrwxr-x  2 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 14 22:59 bootp
drwxrwxr-x  2 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 15 22:13 compressed
drwxrwxr-x  4 crifan crifan  20K Aug 14 22:59 dts
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan   46 Aug 14 22:59 .gitignore
-rwxrwxr-x  1 crifan crifan 3.6M Aug 15 22:13 Image
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan  114 Aug 15 22:13 .Image.cmd
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan 1.3K Aug 14 22:59 install.sh
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan 3.2K Aug 14 22:59 Makefile
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan 1.9M Aug 15 22:13 uImage
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan  237 Aug 15 22:13 .uImage.cmd
-rwxrwxr-x  1 crifan crifan 1.9M Aug 15 22:13 zImage
-rw-rw-r--  1 crifan crifan  141 Aug 15 22:13 .zImage.cmd
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ file arch/arm/boot/uImage 
arch/arm/boot/uImage: u-boot legacy uImage, Linux-3.10.7, Linux/ARM, OS Kernel Image (Not compressed), 1889744 bytes, Thu Aug 15 22:13:18 2013, Load Address: 0x00008000, Entry Point: 0x00008000, Header CRC: 0xA4CAF61B, Data CRC: 0xB11F2EE6
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ file arch/arm/boot/zImage 
arch/arm/boot/zImage: Linux kernel ARM boot executable zImage (little-endian)
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ pwd
/home/crifan/develop/crosscompile/kernel/linux-3.10.7
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ 

如图:

uboot lagacy uImage for arm

7.再去建立kernel的软链接:

crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ mkdir -p /opt/versatilepb/kernel
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ln -sf $PWD/arch/arm/boot/uImage /opt/versatilepb/kernel/
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ ls /opt/versatilepb/ -lha
total 12K
drwxrwxr-x 3 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 15 22:17 .
drwxr-xr-x 6 crifan root   4.0K Aug 15 22:17 ..
drwxrwxr-x 2 crifan crifan 4.0K Aug 15 22:17 kernel
crifan@ubuntu:linux-3.10.7$ 

 

【总结】

此处,Ubuntu下针对QEMU的versatile去配置和编译kernel,相对还是很简单的:

make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-xscale-linux-gnueabi- versatile_defconfig
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-xscale-linux-gnueabi- uImage

即可编译出uImage。

转载请注明:在路上 » 【记录】Ubuntu下测试QEMU中加载和测试Linux内核

发表我的评论
取消评论

表情

Hi,您需要填写昵称和邮箱!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址
60 queries in 0.078 seconds, using 9.57MB memory