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【已解决】小花生app中调用接口parentChildReadingBookQuery2时timestamp和signature生成的逻辑

timestamp crifan 138浏览 0评论
折腾:
【已解决】PySpider模拟小花生app请求parentChildReadingBookQuery2返回空数据
期间,已确定,获取parentChildReadingBookQuery2的不同分页数据时
offset不同:
0
10
20
对应的timestamp和signature值,都是不同的
所以接下来就是要去研究具体生成的机制了。
去看之前:
【已解决】从不同版本的小花生apk中反编译出包含业务逻辑代码的dex和jar包源码
破解到的java源码,看能否找到逻辑。
com/huili/readingclub/activity/classroom/SelfReadingActivity.java
  private void getSupportingResources()
  {
    JsonObject localJsonObject1 = new JsonObject();
    JsonObject localJsonObject2 = new JsonObject();
    localJsonObject2.addProperty("userId", MainActivity.userId);
    localJsonObject2.addProperty("fieldName", this.mFieldName);
    localJsonObject2.addProperty("fieldValue", this.mFieldValue);
    localJsonObject2.addProperty("grade", this.mGrades);
    localJsonObject2.addProperty("level", this.mLevels);
    localJsonObject1.addProperty("J", localJsonObject2.toString());
    localJsonObject1.addProperty("C", Integer.valueOf(0));
    XutilsHttpClient.sendHttpJson(this, HttpRequest.HttpMethod.POST, "http://www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83/Reading.svc/getSupportingResourcesInSelfReadingBookQueryCondition", localJsonObject1.toString(), new RequestCallBack()
    {
...
-》没有看到timestamp和signature
-》说明是类库封装的统一的生成的
-》去看:
XutilsHttpClient.sendHttpJson
->
com/huili/readingclub/network/XutilsHttpClient.java
public static void sendHttpJson(Context paramContext, HttpRequest.HttpMethod paramHttpMethod, String paramString1, String paramString2, RequestCallBack<String> paramRequestCallBack)
...
找找
最后通过搜:
“signature”
找到了:
com/huili/readingclub/model/ModelSecurity.java
  public static void addSignature(RequestParams paramRequestParams, String paramString)
  {
    Object localObject = paramString;
    if (paramString.startsWith("http://www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83")) {
      localObject = paramString.substring("http://www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83".length());
    }
    if (((String)localObject).startsWith("/UserService.svc/getToken/")) {
      return;
    }
    int i;
    if (StringUtil.isNullOrEmpty(MainActivity.userId)) {
      i = 0;
    } else {
      i = Integer.parseInt(MainActivity.userId);
    }
    int j = i;
    if (i < 1) {
      j = 0;
    }
    paramString = "";
    if (j != 0) {
      paramString = getToken(MainActivity.userId);
    }
    long l = DateUtils.get1970ToNowSeconds();
    if (j == 0)
    {
      paramString = new StringBuilder();
      paramString.append(l);
      paramString.append((String)localObject);
      paramString.append(“AyGt7ohMR!xx#N");
      paramString = StringUtil.md5(paramString.toString());
    }
    else
    {
      StringBuilder localStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
      localStringBuilder.append(MainActivity.userId);
      localStringBuilder.append(l);
      localStringBuilder.append((String)localObject);
      localStringBuilder.append(paramString);
      localStringBuilder.append(“AyGt7ohMR!xx#N");
      paramString = StringUtil.md5(localStringBuilder.toString());
    }
    if (j != 0) {
      paramRequestParams.addHeader("userId", MainActivity.userId);
    }
    localObject = new StringBuilder();
    ((StringBuilder)localObject).append(l);
    ((StringBuilder)localObject).append("");
    paramRequestParams.addHeader("timestamp", ((StringBuilder)localObject).toString());
    paramRequestParams.addHeader("signature", paramString);
  }
后记:后来发现Jadx导出的源码可读性更好:
    public static void addSignature(RequestParams requestParams, String str) {
        if (str.startsWith(MyConfig.SERVER_PORT)) {
            str = str.substring(MyConfig.SERVER_PORT.length());
        }
        if (!str.startsWith("/UserService.svc/getToken/")) {
            StringBuilder stringBuilder;
            int parseInt = StringUtil.isNullOrEmpty(MainActivity.userId) ? 0 : Integer.parseInt(MainActivity.userId);
            if (parseInt < 1) {
                parseInt = 0;
            }
            String str2 = "";
            if (parseInt != 0) {
                str2 = getToken(MainActivity.userId);
            }
            long j = DateUtils.get1970ToNowSeconds();
            if (parseInt == 0) {
                stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
                stringBuilder.append(j);
                stringBuilder.append(str);
                stringBuilder.append(MyConfig.SECRET_KEY);
                str = StringUtil.md5(stringBuilder.toString());
            } else {
                StringBuilder stringBuilder2 = new StringBuilder();
                stringBuilder2.append(MainActivity.userId);
                stringBuilder2.append(j);
                stringBuilder2.append(str);
                stringBuilder2.append(str2);
                stringBuilder2.append(MyConfig.SECRET_KEY);
                str = StringUtil.md5(stringBuilder2.toString());
            }
            if (parseInt != 0) {
                requestParams.addHeader(USER.USERID, MainActivity.userId);
            }
            stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
            stringBuilder.append(j);
            stringBuilder.append("");
            requestParams.addHeader("timestamp", stringBuilder.toString());
            requestParams.addHeader("signature", str);
        }
    }
从而更加利于理解程序的逻辑。
另外又看到了addSignature被调用的地方:
com/huili/readingclub/network/XutilsHttpClient.java
  public static void sendHttpJson(Context paramContext, HttpRequest.HttpMethod paramHttpMethod, String paramString1, String paramString2, RequestCallBack<String> paramRequestCallBack)
  {
    if (!isNetWorkAvaiable(paramContext))
    {
      paramRequestCallBack.onFailure(new HttpException("检查网络设置"), "检查网络设置");
      return;
    }
    RequestParams localRequestParams = new RequestParams();
    localRequestParams.addHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
    localRequestParams.addHeader("Authorization", "NSTp9~)[email protected]\\");
    try
    {
      if (paramHttpMethod == HttpRequest.HttpMethod.GET) {
        ModelSecurity.addSignature(localRequestParams, paramString1);
      } else if (paramHttpMethod == HttpRequest.HttpMethod.POST) {
        ModelSecurity.addSignature(localRequestParams, (String)JsonUtil.jsonToMap(paramString2).get("J"));
      }
    }
...
可见:
此处当POST时,传入了:
  • localRequestParams
  • J字段
然后想办法看看如何转换成python代码:
【已解决】Python实现小花生中addSignature的md5加密生成签名的逻辑
得到了正确的计算signature的逻辑后,再去
python生成timestamp,然后调用signature的md5值的计算逻辑,加上相关函数:
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- encoding: utf-8 -*-
# Created on 2019-03-27 15:35:20
# Project: XiaohuashengApp


from pyspider.libs.base_handler import *


import os
import json
import codecs
import base64
import gzip
import copy
import time
# import datetime
from datetime import datetime, timedelta
from hashlib import md5


######################################################################
# Const
######################################################################


SelfReadingUrl = "http://www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83/Reading.svc/selfReadingBookQuery2"
ParentChildReadingUrl = "http://www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83/Reading.svc/parentChildReadingBookQuery2"


RESPONSE_OK = "1001"


######################################################################
# Config & Settings
######################################################################


OutputFolder = "/Users/crifan/dev/dev_root/company/xxx/projects/crawler_projects/crawler_xiaohuasheng_app/output"


DefaultPageSize = 10


UserAgentNoxAndroid = "Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 4.4.2; zh-cn; A0001 Build/KOT49H) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1"


gUserId = "1134723"
gAuthorization = """NSTp9~)[email protected]\\"""


# Timestamp = "1553671960"
# Signature = "bc8d887e7f16ef92269f55bfd74e131b"
# Timestamp = "1553671956"
# Signature = "a1f51f6852f42d934f0ac154dc374500"
# Timestamp = "1553675572"
# Signature = "d516df23120d3c9f0397475f03c61199"
# gTimestamp = "1553845333"
# gSignature = "2c30a3ac5898fa43eeececfa21560f5b"


gUserToken = "40d2267f-359e-4526-951a-66519e5868c3"
gSecretKey = “AyGt7ohMR!xxx#N"

gHeaders = {
    "Host": "www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83",
    "User-Agent": UserAgentNoxAndroid,
    "Content-Type": "application/json",


    "userId": gUserId,
    "Authorization": gAuthorization,
    # "timestamp": gTimestamp,
    # "signature": gSignature,


    "cookie": "ASP.NET_SessionId=dxf3obxgn5t4w350xp3icgy0",
    # "Cookie2": "$Version=1",
    "Accept": "*/*",
    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate",
    "cache-control": "no-cache",


    "Connection": "keep-alive",
    # "content-length": "202",
}


######################################################################
# Common Util Functions
######################################################################


def getCurTimestamp(withMilliseconds=False):
    """
    get current time's timestamp
        (default)not milliseconds -> 10 digits: 1351670162
        with milliseconds -> 13 digits: 1531464292921
    """
    curDatetime = datetime.now()
    return datetimeToTimestamp(curDatetime, withMilliseconds)


def datetimeToTimestamp(datetimeVal, withMilliseconds=False) :
    """
        convert datetime value to timestamp
        eg:
            "2006-06-01 00:00:00.123" -> 1149091200
            if with milliseconds -> 1149091200123
    :param datetimeVal:
    :return:
    """
    timetupleValue = datetimeVal.timetuple()
    timestampFloat = time.mktime(timetupleValue) # 1531468736.0 -> 10 digits
    timestamp10DigitInt = int(timestampFloat) # 1531468736
    timestampInt = timestamp10DigitInt


    if withMilliseconds:
        microsecondInt = datetimeVal.microsecond # 817762
        microsecondFloat = float(microsecondInt)/float(1000000) # 0.817762
        timestampFloat = timestampFloat + microsecondFloat # 1531468736.817762
        timestampFloat = timestampFloat * 1000 # 1531468736817.7621 -> 13 digits
        timestamp13DigitInt = int(timestampFloat) # 1531468736817
        timestampInt = timestamp13DigitInt


    return timestampInt
...


######################################################################
# Main
######################################################################


class Handler(BaseHandler):
    crawl_config = {
        # 'headers': {
        #     "Host": "www.xiaohuasheng.cn:83",
        #     "User-Agent": UserAgentNoxAndroid,
        #     "Content-Type": "application/json",


        #     "userId": gUserId,
        #     "Authorization": gAuthorization,
        #     # "timestamp": gTimestamp,
        #     # "signature": gSignature,


        #     "cookie": "ASP.NET_SessionId=dxf3obxgn5t4w350xp3icgy0",
        #     # "Cookie2": "$Version=1",
        #     "Accept": "*/*",
        #     "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate",
        #     "cache-control": "no-cache",


        #     "Connection": "keep-alive",
        #     # "content-length": "202",
        # },
    }


    def on_start(self):
        offset = 0
        limit = DefaultPageSize
        self.getParentChildReading(offset, limit)


    def getParentChildReading(self, offset, limit):
        print("offset=%d, limit=%d" % (offset, limit))


        # jTemplate = """{"userId":"%s","fieldName":"","fieldValue":"全部类别","theStageOfTheChild":"","parentalEnglishLevel":"","supportingResources":"有音频","offset":%d,"limit":%d}"""
        jTemplate = "{\"userId\":\"%s\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"theStageOfTheChild\":\"\",\"parentalEnglishLevel\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"有音频\",\"offset\":%d,\"limit\":%d}"
        jcJsonDict = {
            "J": jTemplate % (gUserId, offset, limit),
            "C": 0
        }
        # print("jcJsonDict=%s" % jcJsonDict)


        parentChildReadingParamDict = {
            "offset": offset,
            "limit": limit,
            "jTemplate": jTemplate,
            "jcJsonDict": jcJsonDict
        }


        # for debug
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"theStageOfTheChild\":\"\",\"parentalEnglishLevel\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"theStageOfTheChild\":\"\",\"parentalEnglishLevel\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"有音频\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"grades\":\"\",\"levels\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"有音频\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"grades\":\"\",\"levels\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":'{"userId":"1134723","fieldName":"","fieldValue":"全部类别","grades":"","levels":"","supportingResources":"","offset":0,"limit":10}',"C":0}
        # jcJsonDict = {"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"theStageOfTheChild\":\"\",\"parentalEnglishLevel\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"有音频\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}


        jValueStr = jcJsonDict["J"]
        # print("jValueStr=%s" % jValueStr)


        jcJsonDictStr = json.dumps(jcJsonDict)
        # print("jcJsonDictStr=%s" % jcJsonDictStr)


        # # for debug
        # jcJsonDictStr = '{"J":"{\"userId\":\"1134723\",\"fieldName\":\"\",\"fieldValue\":\"全部类别\",\"theStageOfTheChild\":\"\",\"parentalEnglishLevel\":\"\",\"supportingResources\":\"\",\"offset\":0,\"limit\":10}","C":0}'
        # print("jcJsonDictStr=%s" % jcJsonDictStr)


        curHeaders = copy.deepcopy(gHeaders)
        # print("curHeaders=%s" % curHeaders)
        # print("type(curHeaders)=%s" % type(curHeaders))
        curTimestampInt = getCurTimestamp()


        # # for debug
        # curTimestampInt = int(gTimestamp)


        # print("curTimestampInt=%s" % curTimestampInt)
        curTimestampStr = str(curTimestampInt)


        # print("curTimestampStr=%s" % curTimestampStr)
        curHeaders["timestamp"] = curTimestampStr
        # jValueParamStr = jcJsonDictStr
        # jcJsonDictFormattedStr = "%s" % jcJsonDict
        # jcJsonDictFormattedStr = jcJsonDictFormattedStr.replace(" ", "")
        # print("jcJsonDictFormattedStr=%s" % jcJsonDictFormattedStr)
        # jValueParamStr = jcJsonDictFormattedStr
        jValueParamStr = jValueStr
        calculatedSignature = self.generateSignature(curTimestampInt, jValueParamStr)
        # print("calculatedSignature=%s" % calculatedSignature)
        curHeaders["signature"] = calculatedSignature


        # # for debug
        # curHeaders["signature"] = gSignature
        # print("debug signature=%s" % curHeaders["signature"])


        self.crawl(ParentChildReadingUrl,
            method="POST",
            # data=jcJsonDict,
            data= jcJsonDictStr,
            callback=self.getParentChildReadingCallback,
            headers=curHeaders,
            save=parentChildReadingParamDict
        )


    def generateSignature(self, timestampInt, jValueParamStr):
        # print("generateSignature: timestampInt=%d, jValueParamStr=%s" % (timestampInt, jValueParamStr))
        # userId = "1134723"
        userId = gUserId
        timestamp = "%s" % timestampInt
        # localObject = "/Reading.svc/parentChildReadingBookQuery2"
        # localObject = jValueParamStr
        # userToken = "40d2267f-359e-4526-951a-66519e5868c3"
        userToken = gUserToken
        # fixedSault = “AyGt7ohMR!xx#N"
        # secretKey = “AyGt7ohMR!xx#N"
        secretKey = gSecretKey


        # strToCalc = userId + timestamp + localObject + jValueParamStr + fixedSault
        # strToCalc = timestamp + localObject + fixedSault
        strToCalc = userId + timestamp + jValueParamStr + userToken + secretKey
        # print("strToCalc=%s" % strToCalc)


        encodedStr = strToCalc.encode()
        # encodedStr = strToCalc.encode("UTF-8")
        # print("encodedStr=%s" % encodedStr)
        md5Result = md5(encodedStr)
        # print("md5Result=%s" % md5Result) # md5Result=<md5 HASH object @ 0x1044f1df0>


        # md5Result = md5()
        # md5Result.update(strToCalc)


        # md5Digest = md5Result.digest()
        # print("md5Digest=%s" % md5Digest) #
        # print("len(md5Digest)=%s" % len(md5Digest))


        md5Hexdigest = md5Result.hexdigest()
        # print("md5Hexdigest=%s" % md5Hexdigest)
        # print("len(md5Hexdigest)=%s" % len(md5Hexdigest))
        # md5Hexdigest=c687d5dfa015246e6bdc6b3c27c2afea
        print("md5=%s from %s" % (md5Hexdigest, strToCalc))
        return md5Hexdigest
        # return md5Digest


    def extractResponseData(self, respJson):
        """
        {
            "C": 2,
            "J": "H4sIAA.......AA=",
            "M": "1001",
            "ST": null
        }
        """
        # respJson = json.loads(respJson)
        respM = respJson["M"]
        if respM != RESPONSE_OK:
            return None
        encodedStr = respJson["J"]
        decodedStr = base64.b64decode(encodedStr)
        # print("decodedStr=%s" % decodedStr)


        decompressedStr = gzip.decompress(decodedStr)
        # print("decompressedStr=%s" % decompressedStr)
        decompressedStrUnicode = decompressedStr.decode("UTF-8")
        # print("decompressedStrUnicode=%s" % decompressedStrUnicode)
        decompressedJson = json.loads(decompressedStrUnicode)
        respDataDict = decompressedJson
        return respDataDict


    def getParentChildReadingCallback(self, response):
        respUrl = response.url
        print("respUrl=%s" % respUrl)
        prevParaDict = response.save
        print("prevParaDict=%s" % prevParaDict)
        respJson = response.json
        print("respJson=%s" % respJson)


        respData = self.extractResponseData(respJson)
        print("respData=%s" % respData)


        if respData:
            bookSeriesList = respData
            for eachBookSerie in bookSeriesList:
                print("eachBookSerie=%s" % eachBookSerie)
                # self.getStorybookDetail(eachBookSerie)


            prevOffset = prevParaDict["offset"]
            limit = prevParaDict["limit"]
            print("prevOffset=%d, limit=%d" % (prevOffset, limit))
            offset = prevOffset + limit
            self.getParentChildReading(offset, limit)
        else:
            print("!!! %s return no more data: %s" % (response.url, respJson))
然后再去调用api,应该就可以返回希望的包含了J字段的json字符串了:
直到获取到最后一页的数据为止:

转载请注明:在路上 » 【已解决】小花生app中调用接口parentChildReadingBookQuery2时timestamp和signature生成的逻辑

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